From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
“Rapunzel” (/rəˈpʌnzəl/; German pronunciation: [ʁaˈpʊnt͡səl]) is a German fairy tale in the collection assembled by the Brothers Grimm, and first published in 1812 as part of Children’s and Household Tales. The Grimm Brothers’ story is an adaptation of the fairy tale Persinette by Charlotte-Rose de Caumont de La Force originally published in 1698. Its plot has been used and parodied in various media and its best known line (“Rapunzel, Rapunzel, let down your golden hair”) is an idiom of popular culture.
In the Aarne–Thompson classification system for folktales it is type 310, “The Maiden in The Tower”.
Andrew Lang included it in The Red Fairy Book.4 Other versions of the tale also appear in A Book of Witches by Ruth Manning-Sanders and in Paul O. Zelinsky’s 1998 Caldecott Medal-winning picture book, Rapunzel and the Disney movie Tangled.
Rapunzel’s story has striking similarities to the 10th century AD Persian tale of Rudāba, included in the epic poem Shahnameh by Ferdowsi. Rudāba offers to let down her hair from her tower so that her lover Zāl can climb up to her.
Some elements of the fairy tale might also have originally been based upon the tale of Saint Barbara, who was said to have been locked in a tower by her father.
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