Howling
Wolves howl to assemble the pack (usually before and after hunts), to pass on an alarm (particularly at a den site), to locate each other during a storm or unfamiliar territory and to communicate across great distances. Howling consists of a fundamental frequency which may lie between 150 and 780 Hz, and consists of up to 12 harmonically related overtones. The pitch usually remains constant or varies smoothly, and may change direction as many as four or five times. Wolves from different geographic locations may howl in different fashions; the howls of European wolves are much more protracted and melodious than those of North American wolves, whose howls are louder and have a stronger emphasis on the first syllable. The two are however mutually intelligible, as North American wolves have been recorded to respond to European-style howls made by biologists.

Wolf howls are generally indistinguishable from those of large dogs. Male wolves give voice through an octave, passing to a deep bass with a stress on “O”, while females produce a modulated nasal baritone with stress on “U”. Pups almost never howl, while yearling wolves produce howls ending in a series of dog-like yelps. Howls used for calling pack mates to a kill are long, smooth sounds similar to the beginning of the cry of a horned owl. When pursuing prey, they emit a higher pitched howl, vibrating on two notes. When closing in on their prey, they emit a combination of a short bark and a howl. When howling together, wolves harmonize rather than chorus on the same note, thus creating the illusion of there being more wolves than there actually are. Lone wolves typically avoid howling in areas where other packs are present. Wolves do not respond to howls in rainy weather and when satiated.

Other vocalisations
Other vocalisations of wolves are usually divided into three categories: growls, barks and whines. Barking has a fundamental frequency between 320–904 Hz, and is usually emitted by startled wolves. Wolves do not bark as loudly or continuously as dogs do, but will bark a few times and retreat from perceived danger. In captivity, wolves may learn to bark more often if they hear dogs doing so.

Growling has a fundamental frequency of 380–450 Hz, and is usually emitted during food challenges. Pups commonly growl when playing. One variation of the howl is accompanied by a high pitched whine, which precedes a lunging attack. Whining is associated with situations of anxiety, curiosity, inquiry and intimacy such as greeting, feeding pups and playing.
SOURCE:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gray_wolf

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I knew I wanted to be an artist at age 4 (Full story: Click on full portfolio, Click on my name)

I am permanently disabled and work at home. Previously, I have been employed as Art Director at California Manufacturers Association and Production Artist at SMW Communications of Sacramento CA.

I studied art at The Academy of Art in San Francisco 1977-79
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Comments

  • eoconnor
    eoconnorover 2 years ago

    A WONDERFUL PIECE lIZ)

  • THANX SO MUCH DEAR LIZ…;-D

    – Tammera

  • lynn carter
    lynn carterover 2 years ago

    nice work Tammera xx

  • THANK YOU KINDLY LYNN…;-D

    – Tammera

  • annacuypers
    annacuypersover 2 years ago

    Superb image Tammera, lovely idea and great working out, xoxxo

  • AWWW….THANK YOU FOR YOUR KIND WORDS DEAREST ANNA!!…;-D

    – Tammera

  • Karen  Helgesen
    Karen Helgesenover 2 years ago

    Excellent Tammera! Looks as it it should be an illustration in a book by Jack London!

  • AWWW…THAT WOULD BE WONDERFUL WOULDNT IT!!
    THANX KINDLY KAREN!!…;-D

    – Tammera

  • kenroome
    kenroomeover 2 years ago

    really cosmic and beautiful. You have such great information to go along with it. Some indigenous tribes believe Wolf carries the medicine of teaching and that the home of wolf is the Dog star, Sirrius.

  • THANK YOU KINDLY KEN…
    SO GLAD YOU APPRECIATED SOME OF THE INFORMATIONS AND SHARD SOME AS WELL!!…;-D

    – Tammera

  • maggie326
    maggie326over 2 years ago

    wonderful work Tammera awesome image

  • THANK YOU KINDLY MAGGIE…;-D

    – Tammera

  • mom23girls
    mom23girlsover 2 years ago

    Beautiful work!

  • THANX SO MUCH HON!!…;-D

    – Tammera

  • LoreLeft27
    LoreLeft27over 2 years ago

    very cool reminds me of the old white fang story fantastic work

  • AWWW…THANX SO MUCH HON!!

    – Tammera

  • ✿✿ Bonita ✿✿ ђєℓℓσ
    ✿✿ Bonita ✿✿ ђ...over 2 years ago

    ☻/ღ˚ •。* ♥ ˚ ˚✰˚ ˛★* 。 ღ˛° 。* °♥ ˚ • ★ ˚ .ღ 。
    /▌˛˚ღ •˚ ˚…just sprinkling a little Love on your page. ~♥~˚ ✰* ★
    / \ ˚. ★ ˛ ˚♥ ✰。˚ ˚ღ。* ˛˚ ♥ 。✰˚* ˚ ★ღ Wonderful picture and creativity nice clarity and detail nice framing and colour precious, Wonderful write up and information Nice reading,Nicely done and presented hugs

  • THANX EVER SO MUCH HON!!

    – Tammera

  • Tarrby
    Tarrbyover 2 years ago

    Great image Tammera, another fave, Brian

  • THANK YOU KINDLY BRIAN!!…;-D

    – Tammera

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