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GONE TO SOON ~ OUR SWEET OPHELIA by Tammera
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OPHELIA

Of all the pivotal characters in Hamlet, Ophelia is the most static and one-dimensional. She has the potential to become a tragic heroine – to overcome the adversities inflicted upon her – but she instead crumbles into insanity, becoming merely tragic. This is because Ophelia herself is not as important as her representation of the dual nature of women in the play. Ophelia’s distinct purpose is to show at once Hamlet’s warped view of women as callous sexual predators, and the innocence and virtue of women.

The extent to which Hamlet feels betrayed by Gertrude is far more apparent with the addition of Ophelia to the play. Hamlet’s feelings of rage against his mother can be directed toward Ophelia, who is, in his estimation, hiding her base nature behind a guise of impeccability.

Through Ophelia we witness Hamlet’s evolution, or de-evolution into a man convinced that all women are whores; that the women who seem most pure are inside black with corruption and sexual desire. And if women are harlots, then they must have their procurers. Gertrude has been made a whore by Claudius, and Ophelia has been made a whore by her father. In Act II, Polonius makes arrangements to use the alluring Ophelia to discover why Hamlet is behaving so curiously. Hamlet is not in the room but it seems obvious from the following lines that he has overheard Polonius trying to use his daughter’s charms to suit his underhanded purposes. In Hamlet’s distraught mind, there is no gray area: Polonius prostitutes his daughter. And Hamlet tells Polonius so to his face, labeling him a “fishmonger” (despite the fact that Polonius cannot decipher the meaning behind Hamlet’s words). As Kay Stanton argues in her essay Hamlet’s Whores:

Perhaps it may be granted…that what makes a woman a whore in the Hamlets’ estimation is her sexual use by not one man but by more than one man…. what seems to enrage [Hamlet] in the ‘nunnery’ interlude is that Ophelia has put her sense of love and duty for another man above her sense of love and duty for him, just as Gertrude put her sense of love and duty for her new husband above her sense of love and duty for her old. Gertrude chose a brother over a dead Hamlet; Ophelia chooses a father over a living Hamlet: both choices can be read as additionally sexually perverse in being, to Hamlet, ‘incestuous’. (Stanton,New Essays on Hamlet 168-9)

But, to the rest of us, Ophelia represents something very different. To those who are not blinded by hurt and rage, Ophelia is the epitome of goodness. Very much like Gertrude, young Ophelia is childlike and naive. Unlike Queen Gertrude, Ophelia has good reason to be unaware of the harsh realities of life. She is very young, and has lost her mother, possibly at birth. Her father, Polonius, and brother, Laertes, love Ophelia tremendously, and have taken great pains to shelter her. She is not involved with matters of state; she spends her days no doubt engaged in needlepoint and flower gathering. She returns the love shown to her by Polonius and Laertes tenfold, and couples it with complete and unwavering loyalty.

“Her whole character is that of simple unselfish affection” (Bradley 130). Even though her love for Hamlet is strong, she obeys her father when he tells her not to see Hamlet again or accept any letters that Hamlet writes. Her heart is pure, and when she does do something dishonest, such as tell Hamlet that her father has gone home when he is really behind the curtain, it is out of genuine fear.

Ophelia clings to the memory of Hamlet treating her with respect and tenderness, and she defends him and loves him to the very end despite his brutality. She is incapable of defending herself, but through her timid responses we see clearly her intense suffering:

Hamlet: …I did love you once.
Ophelia: Indeed, my, lord, you made me believe so.
Hamlet: You should not have believed me…I loved you not.
Ophelia: I was the more deceived.

Her frailty and innocence work against her as she cannot cope with the unfolding of one traumatic event after another. Ophelia’s darling Hamlet causes all her emotional pain throughout the play, and when his hate is responsible for her father’s death, she has endured all that she is capable of enduring and goes insane.

But even in her insanity she symbolizes, to everyone but Hamlet, incorruption and virtue. “In her wanderings we hear from time to time an undertone of the deepest sorrow, but never the agonized cry of fear or horror which makes madness dreadful or shocking. And the picture of her death, if our eyes grow dim in watching it, is still purely beautiful”. (Bradley, Shakespearean Tragedy 132-3). The bawdy songs that she sings in front of Laertes, Gertrude, and Claudius are somber reminders that the corrupt world has taken its toll on the pure Ophelia. They show us that only in her insanity does she live up to Hamlet’s false perception of her as a lascivious woman.
How to cite this article:

Mabillard, Amanda. “Shakespeare’s Ophelia.” Shakespeare Online. 2 Oct. 2010. (date when you accessed the information) < http://www.shakespeare-online.com/opheliachar.html >.

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©1999-2007 Amanda Mabillard. All Rights Reserved.Last updated 12/18/2006 21:08:36

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Tags

death, die, drown, girl, hamlet, ophelia, shakespeare, suicide, tradgedy, tragic character

I knew I wanted to be an artist at age 4 (Full story: Click on full portfolio, Click on my name)

I am permanently disabled and work at home. Previously, I have been employed as Art Director at California Manufacturers Association and Production Artist at SMW Communications of Sacramento CA.

I studied art at The Academy of Art in San Francisco 1977-79
Mediums:
Oils. Acrylics. Watercolors. Pastels. Inks. Charcoals. Graphites.

Currently I am focused and self taught in Digital Art.

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Comments

  • walstraasart
    walstraasartalmost 4 years ago

    You did a great job here!

  • THANK YOU EVER SO KINDLY DEAR THEA…
    THIS IS THE 2ND OPHELIA I HAVE EVER DONE…
    AND THEY ARE SO DRASTICALLY DIFFERENT,
    BUT EMENATE THEY SAME FEEL…:)

    – Tammera

  • tim norman
    tim normanalmost 4 years ago

    i read every word….and i wonder where your empathy for her is most poignant such that this work suggests the artists is talking somewhere abut herself? maybe?
    maybe not!

  • WELL…
    IT IS SAID THAT WHOMEVER YOU IDENTIFY MOST WITH…
    IN A SHAKESPEAREAN PLAY IS MOST LIKE YOU….

    AND I HAVE ALWAYS ALWAYS FELT SO BAD FOR OPHELIA….
    MAYBE THERIN LIES YOIUR ANSWER HMM…/?

    – Tammera

  • wolfepaw
    wolfepawalmost 4 years ago

    Nice work, Tammera!

  • THANK YOU SO VERY KINDLY WOLFE…:)

    – Tammera

  • Susan van Zyl
    Susan van Zylalmost 4 years ago

    Nice work!
    Thanks for the submission into
    Escher and Perspective Art 5/24 Group
    3 October 2010

  • THANK YOU AGAIN SUSAN…:)

    – Tammera

  • artisandelimage
    artisandelimagealmost 4 years ago

    (your vote is needed here !)

  • THANK YOU KINDLY FRANCIS….:)

    – Tammera

  • Micci Shannon
    Micci Shannonalmost 4 years ago

    Lovely work and words. Smiling sweetly, even in death. Well done!

  • THANK YOU SO VERY KINDLY MICCI…:)

    – Tammera

  • Rhonda Strickland
    Rhonda Stricklandover 2 years ago


    Your Featured Artist End of October Features
    A Celebration of the Art of Tammera
    November 6, 2011

    ♥Rhonda & Anna

    Click the banner to go to the Features Hall of Fame

  • OMG…YOU GUYS DUG OUT AN OLDIE BUT A GOODIE!!…
    EXCEPT YOU ARE THE FIRST GROUP TO FEATURE IT!!
    THANX EVER SO KINDLY FOR DIGGING THIS ONE OUT…

    I SHALL HAVE TO TRY TO RECYCLE IT ON THE BUBBLE AND SEE IF IT GETS ANY MORE NOTICE!!
    THANX SO MUCH FOR THE MONTH FEATURED~ARTIST POSTION OF OCTOBER…SO VERY MUCH APPRECIATED!!

    – Tammera

  • DeeZ (D L Honeycutt)
    DeeZ (D L Hone...over 2 years ago


    Sheer Artistry Collection
    November 17, 2011

  • WHOO HOOOO!!
    FEATURE!
    THANX SO KINLDY FOR THIS HONOR DEAREST DARLENE…;-D

    – Tammera

  • Kanages Ramesh
    Kanages Rameshover 2 years ago

  • AWWW…
    FEATURE!!
    AN HONOR TOO!!
    THANX SO KINDLY HON!!…;-D

    – Tammera

  • Kanages Ramesh
    Kanages Rameshover 2 years ago

    You may join me in congratulating the featured artists Here

  • THANX FOR THE KIND LINK HON!

    – Tammera

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