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Alphonse Mucha
From Wikipedia,

Alphonse Mucha
Birth name Alfons Maria Mucha
Born 24 July 1860(1860-07-24)
Ivančice, Moravia, Austrian Empire (present Czech Republic)
Died 14 July 1939 (aged 78)
Prague, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia
Nationality Czechoslovakian
Field Painting, Illustration, Decorative art
Training Munich Academy of Fine Arts
Académie Julian
Académie Colarossi
Movement Art Nouveau
Works The Slav Epic (Slovanská epopej)
Patrons Count Karl Khuen of Mikulov
Influenced by Neoclassicism
Influenced Paul Harvey
Kevin Wasden

Alphonse Maria Mucha,1 first name from the Czech Alfons2 (24 July 1860 – 14 July 1939), was a Czech Art Nouveau painter and decorative artist,3 best known for his distinct style and his images of women. He produced many paintings, illustrations, advertisements, and designs.

Early years
Alphonse Maria Mucha was born in the town of Ivančice, Moravia (today’s region of the Czech Republic). Although his singing abilities allowed him to continue his education through high school in the Moravian capital of Brünn (today Brno), drawing had been his first love since childhood. He worked at decorative painting jobs in Moravia, mostly painting theatrical scenery. In 1879 he moved to Vienna to work for a leading Viennese theatrical design company, while informally furthering his artistic education. When a fire destroyed his employer’s business in 1881 he returned to Moravia, to do freelance decorative and portrait painting. Count Karl Khuen of Mikulov hired Mucha to decorate Hrušovany Emmahof Castle with murals, and was impressed enough that he agreed to sponsor Mucha’s formal training at the Munich Academy of Fine Arts.

Mucha moved to Paris in 1887, and continued his studies at Académie Julian and Académie Colarossi. In addition to his studies, he worked at producing magazine and advertising illustrations. Around Christmas 1894, Mucha happened to drop into a print shop where there was a sudden and unexpected need for a new advertising poster for a play starring Sarah Bernhardt, the most famous actress in Paris, at the Théâtre de la Renaissance on the Boulevard Saint-Martin. Mucha volunteered to produce a lithographed poster within two weeks, and on 1 January 1895, the advertisement for the play Gismonda by Victorien Sardou appeared on the streets of the city. It was an overnight sensation and announced the new artistic style and its creator to the citizens of Paris.4 Bernhardt was so satisfied with the success of this first poster that she entered into a 6 year contract with Mucha.

Mucha produced a flurry of paintings, posters, advertisements, and book illustrations, as well as designs for jewellery, carpets, wallpaper, and theatre sets in what was initially called the Mucha Style but became known as Art Nouveau (French for ‘new art’). Mucha’s works frequently featured beautiful, robust young women in flowing vaguely Neoclassical looking robes, often surrounded by lush flowers which sometimes formed haloes behind the women’s heads. In contrast with contemporary poster makers he used pale pastel colors.5 The 1900 Universal Exhibition in Paris spread the “Mucha style” internationally, of which Mucha said “I think [the Exposition Universelle] made some contribution toward bringing aesthetic values into arts and crafts.”6 He decorated the Bosnia and Herzegovina Pavilion and collaborated in the Austrian Pavilion. His Art Nouveau style was often imitated. The Art Nouveau style however, was one that Mucha attempted to distance himself from throughout his life; he always insisted that rather than adhering to any fashionable stylistic form, his paintings came purely from within and Czech art.4 He declared that art existed only to communicate a spiritual message, and nothing more; hence his frustration at the fame he gained through commercial art, when he most wanted to concentrate on more lofty projects that would ennoble art and his birthplace.

Marriage
Mucha married Maruška (Marie/Maria) Chytilová on June 10, 1906, in Prague. The couple visited the U.S. from 1906 to 1910, during which time their daughter, Jaroslava, was born in New York City. They also had a son, Jiri, (born March 12, 1915 in Prague; died April 5, 1991 in Prague) who later became a well known journalist, writer, screenwriter, author of autobiographical novels and studies of the works of his father. In the U.S. Alphonse expected to earn money to fund his nationalistic projects to demonstrate to Czechs that he had not “sold out”.4 He was supported by millionaire Charles R. Crane, who used his fortune to help promote revolutions, and after meeting Thomas Masaryk, Slavic nationalism. Alphonse and his family returned to the Czech lands and settled in Prague, where he decorated the Theater of Fine Arts, contributed his time and talent to create the murals in the Mayor’s Office at the Municipal House, and other landmarks around the city. When Czechoslovakia won its independence after World War I, Mucha designed the new postage stamps, banknotes, and other government documents for the new state.

Digital Art
Photoshop CS5

Public Domain Images:
Wikimedia.org (Commons):
482px-Alfons_Mucha_LOC_3c05828u
593px-70_x_70_-_Alien_Nation

FEATURED IN BITS AND PIECES
FEATURED IN RUSTIC

Tags

abstract, alphonse mucha, artist, czech artist, famous artist, mucha, nouveau, portrait

I knew I wanted to be an artist at age 4 (Full story: Click on full portfolio, Click on my name)

I am permanently disabled and work at home. Previously, I have been employed as Art Director at California Manufacturers Association and Production Artist at SMW Communications of Sacramento CA.

I studied art at The Academy of Art in San Francisco 1977-79
Mediums:
Oils. Acrylics. Watercolors. Pastels. Inks. Charcoals. Graphites.

Currently I am focused and self taught in Digital Art.

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Comments

  • Norma-jean Morrison
    Norma-jean Mor...about 4 years ago

    TAMMERA, YOUR WORK IS EXCELLENT AND DIVINE AND WORD SO GOOD AND HONEST…LOVE YOU WITH GREATNESS, NORMAJEAN

  • THANK YOU DEAR NORMA..:)

    – Tammera

  • cullodenmist
    cullodenmistabout 4 years ago

    Mmmmmmmmm.
    Very abstract.
    Very interesting.
    Very absorbing.
    Very pleasing to the eye.

  • THANK YOU EVER SO KINDLY LARRY…..:)

    – Tammera

  • BasantSoni
    BasantSoniabout 4 years ago

    Blending of Colors on main portrait …remarkable..!!

  • THANK YOU KINDLY DEAR BASANT….:)

    – Tammera

  • walstraasart
    walstraasartabout 4 years ago

    Interesting information goes along with this fantastic digital work

  • THANK YOU SO VERY KINDLY THEA…:)

    – Tammera

  • rodeorose
    rodeoroseabout 4 years ago

    Brilliant tribute Tammera- and have enjoyed this amazing information here… inspiring in every way…esp this part below…thanks so much for sharing it all so generously…
    rather than adhering to any fashionable stylistic form, his paintings came purely from within and Czech art.He declared that art existed only to communicate a spiritual message, and nothing more; hence his frustration at the fame he gained through commercial art, when he most wanted to concentrate on more lofty projects that would ennoble art and his birthplace.

  • THANK YOU SO KINDLY ROSE…

    YES, I HAVE USED MANY OF HIS PUBLIC DOMAIN WOMEN IN MY ART AND ALTERED THEM WITH JUST THAT EXACT PHRASE IN MIND….TRYING TO GIVE A SPIRITUAL ESSENCE IN MY TRIBUTE TO A GREAT ARTIST….;)

    – Tammera

  • Ann Warrenton
    Ann Warrentonabout 4 years ago

    July 18,2010 Wonderful work!

  • FEATURED!!
    THANK YOU EVER SO KINDLY FOR THE WONDERFUL HONOR OF A FEATURE IN THE GROUP..;)

    – Tammera

  • Ann Warrenton
    Ann Warrentonabout 4 years ago

  • rocamiadesign
    rocamiadesignabout 4 years ago

  • FEATURED!!!
    THANK YOU EVER SO KINDLY FOR THIS HONOR OF A FEATURE IN THE GROUP….;)

    – Tammera

  • Noble Upchurch
    Noble Upchurchabout 4 years ago

    Creative and wonderful work!!! So unique and beautiful!!!

  • THANK YOU EVER SO KINDLY NOBLER…:)

    – Tammera

  • Zeb Shaffer
    Zeb Shafferabout 4 years ago

    very nice

  • THANX VERY MUCH ZEB….;)

    – Tammera

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