From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
Thor (Old Norse: Þōrr, Þunarr; Old English: Þunor, Þūr; Old Saxon: Þunær;1 Frisian: Tonger, Old Dutch: Donar; Old High German: Donar; Proto-Germanic: *Thunaraz) is the red-haired and bearded23 god of thunder in Germanic mythology and Germanic paganism, and its subsets: Norse paganism, Anglo-Saxon paganism and Continental Germanic paganism.
Most surviving stories relating to Germanic mythology either mention Thor or focus on Thor’s exploits. Thor was a much revered god of the ancient Germanic peoples from at least the earliest surviving written accounts of the indigenous Germanic tribes to over a thousand years later in the late Viking Age.
Thor was appealed to for protection on numerous objects found from various Germanic tribes. Miniature replicas of Mjöllnir, the weapon of Thor, became a defiant symbol of Norse paganism during the Christianization of Scandinavia
Further information: thunder
Proto-Germanic *thunaraz,6 “thunder” gave rise to Old Norse Þorr, German Donner, Dutch donder as well as Old English Þunor whence Modern English thunder with epenthetic d.
Swedish tordön and Danish and Norwegian torden have the suffix -dön/-den originally meaning “rumble” or “din.” The Scandinavian languages also have the word dunder, borrowed from Middle Low German.
Both the God and “thunder” are related to the Celtichi taranis (modern Irish tarann), the term for thunder as well as the name of the God Taranis
Main article: Thursday
Thor (1829) by H. E. Freund.Thor gave his name to the Old English day Þunresdæg, meaning the day of Þunor, known in Modern English as Thursday. Þunor is also the source of the modern word thunder.
“Thor’s Day” is Þórsdagr in Old Norse, Doresdak [ðorestak] in Northern Sami 21, Torsdag in Swedish- and Southern Sami 21,Hósdagur in Faroese, except for Suðuroy, where it’s called Tórsdagur, Thursday in English, Donnerstag in German (meaning “Thunder’s Day”), Donderdag in Dutch (meaning Thunder day), Torstai in Finnish, and Torsdag in Swedish, Danish, and Norwegian. In certain Slavic languages (for instance Slovenian and Croatian), this connection may have resulted in the name for Tuesday (torek and utorak, respectively).
The day was considered such an important day of the week that as late as the seventh century Saint Eligius reproached his congregation in Flanders for continuing their native practice of recognizing Thursday as a holy day after their Christianization
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