TO BE UNCOMFORTABLE,
IN A WORLD OF COLOR….
Causes, Incidence, And Risk Factors
Albinism occurs when one of several genetic defects makes the body unable to produce or distribute melanin, a natural substance that gives color to your hair, skin, and iris of the eye.
The defects may be passed down through families.
There are two main types of albinism:
Type 1 albinism is caused by defects that affect production of the pigment, melanin.
Type 2 albinism is due to a defect in the “P” gene. People with this type have slight coloring at birth.
The most severe form of albinism
Oculocutaneous albinism. People with this type of albinism have white or pink hair, skin, and iris color, as well as vision problems.
Another type of albism
Ocular albinism type 1 (OA1), affects only the eyes. The person’s skin and eye colors are usually in the normal range. However, an eye exam will show that there is no coloring in the back of the eye (retina).
Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) i
A form of albinism caused by a single gene. It can occur with a bleeding disorder, as well as with lung and bowel diseases.
Other complex diseases may lead to loss of coloring in only a certain area (localized albinism). These conditions include:
Lack of coloring all over the skin, but not complete
Small areas without skin coloring
Often a lock of hair that grows on the forehead, or no coloring in one or both irises
A person with albinism will have one of the following symptoms:
Absence of color in the hair, skin, or iris of the eye
Lighter than normal skin and hair
Patchy, missing skin color
Many forms of albinism are associated with the following symptoms:
Crossed eyes (strabismus)
Light sensitivity (photophobia)
Rapid eye movements (nystagmus)
Vision problems, or functional blindness
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