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Medium : Pen and Ink on Bristol BroadSize : 11 ‘’ x 15 ’’Date of illustration : 1989This Pen and ink illustration was done for the cover of a church statement offaith. I named this illustration, Foundation of America because I believethis country was founded by christian who had strong faith in the God of theBible, and through faith , prayer, and sacrifice, the patriots over came Themighty British military . By the hand of God, A new nation was born, The UnitedStates Of America. When the united states was filled with God fearingpeople, God raised The country to be a supper power, and the world enviedthe united states and flock to her shores the land of freedom and opportunity.Now this country has forgotten the God who Has given birth to her, Now issetting up new idols to worship, idols of wood , stone, metals, that do nothear or see, or care. Because the united states has forgotten God, It hasbeen plagued with storms, tornadoes, flood, drought, and her enemies areraging war with her, waiting to celebrate her full.It is my hope and prayer that people who love this country would return tohonoring God, and return to giving Him thank for all the great works He hasdone for this nation, and turn from our sins and follow after God by obeyingHis Word, the Holy Bible. That God would remove His hand of judgment ,and His blessing may return to our country.This church was fist built in 1890 and still is being used as a is located in Norristown PennsylvaniaThis was the first Bible believing church I attended, when I became a christian.Written by Stephen J. Vattimo


church, ink, faith, states, united, built, penn, white, black

Stephen J. Vattimo born 1965, in the Philadelphia area of the state of Pennsylvania.
Spent child hood in privet boarding school,due to hyper activity and not able to function in structure setting.
graduated from boarding school and attended regular public High school and graduated.
Served in the U.S. Military ,U.S. Army,Pa National Guard,Army reserves,Civil Air Patrol.
Artistically: Painter,Poet,Humorous short stories,commentator

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  • Estelle O'Brien
    Estelle O'Brienabout 6 years ago

    This is a wonderful illustration Stephen. Where have you been? I have missed seeing your work. I trust all is well with you. Bless you, my brother.

  • Estelle,I am glad to see you have stoped by, I miss you too. I have been having some computer complications. I am poor and can’t efford to buy a reliable computer. So i have to strugle with what I have.I also made a comment about artistswho are being copy cats , to make money with their art, and i don’t thing the people at RedBubble might have not like my comment, and they migth have some how limited my activity on the Bubble for a month. The sight was quiet for about three weeks. But now it seem back to normal.I will be sharing some of my ink illustations i have done on the mission feild , I hope you will enjoy them.Stephen

    – Stephen J. Vattimo

  • Rosina  Lamberti
    Rosina Lambertiabout 6 years ago

    fabulous image

  • Stephen  J. Vattimo
    Stephen J. Va...about 6 years ago
    Rosina,Thanks for taking time to comment on my Pen and Ink Foundation Of America.I hope you will enjoy my other art work, and my written works , it is my hope God will use them as a tool to bless you.Stephen
  • H Maria Perry
    H Maria Perryalmost 6 years ago

    Hi Stephen. Glad you submitted this to Current Issues. First let me say that this is a very nice sketch. Your attention to detail is admirable. I like the drawing a lot. Next, because this image is submitted to and accepted by Current Issues, some discussion about your work and its meaning in relation to current issues in the United States may ensue.

    It is a common misconception that the Founding Fathers were all religious or Christians in the current understanding of those terms. While Christian ideals and the teachings of Jesus are certainly things we should strive to understand and live by, the United States was not exactly founded on these principals. Our Founding Fathers were probably more influenced by the likes of John Locke and David Hume. Locke’s influence is most certainly reflected in the Declaration of Independence which follows Locke’s theories of individual rights and the people’s right of revolution

    I have several hard cover books on the topic of religion and the Founding Fathers, but this short article from Wikipedia is pretty much in accord with my books.

    Founding Fathers Religion

    Some of the more prominent Founding Fathers were anti-clerical or vocal about their opposition to organized religion, such as Jefferson. Some of them often related their anti-organized church leanings in their speeches and correspondence, including George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson (who created the “Jefferson Bible”), and Benjamin Franklin. However, notable founders, such as Patrick Henry, were strong proponents of traditional religion. Several of the Founding Fathers considered themselves to be deists or held beliefs very similar to that of deists, including Franklin, Jefferson, and Ethan Allen.

  • Helen,

    Good to Here from you, I would agree that maybe not all the founding father were christian, but the nation as a whole , society was base on christian principals here are some of the evidences :

    first book used in the American school class to teach reading and writing, The holy Bible

    At the base of the Washington memorial, there is a bible buried in the foundation at the base of the monument .

    On many government building in Washington Dc. there are quotes from the Bible engraved in the marble of the building.

    The laws of our nation come right out of the 10 commandments.

    The 10 commandment hung in the court room around the country,
    until the A.C.L.U. has taken judges to court, to have the 10 commandment removed, from their court room.

    The congress open their sessions with prayer for god’s guidance,
    and ended the prayer in the name of Jesus Christ, until The 60’s when eastern religions were introduce into American culture, through The hippie movement, made popular by rock group such as the Beatles, and the Rolling Stone.

    Store in America, until the early 80’s had a law call the blue law , were stores, we closed on Sunday,then by the mid 70’s store started opening at 1:00pm. In Pennsylvania liquor store were not aloud to be open on Sundays,until the law was change in the late 90’s.

    Well their are plenty of Christian writer who can show prof that America was founded on Christian principals.
    The people who are trying to erase the christian history of America, are mostly, but not all,former members of the hippie movement, who rebelled against their parent’s christian believes , and were trying to evolve the human race through mind altering drugs, and exploring new religious beliefs , to break away from the values of American society and the government that was fighting the Vietnam war, which was fault to slow up the spread of communism.

    Respectfully Stephen
    Christmas has been celebrated for centuries in the western world,
    and throughout America history, until the A.C.L.U, is trying to outlaw the Holiday, so now the popular creating at Christmas time is Happy Holidays.

    George Washington believed and lived by christian principles, that his relationship with God was very clear in his personal diary .
    he punish soldiers for be drunk, and constant use of foul language in his presence .

    – Stephen J. Vattimo

  • H Maria Perry
    H Maria Perryalmost 6 years ago

    Actually I’ve heard a few of the myths which you write about, the Washington Monument is an interesting story, especially since it was not built until the 19th Century

    Following his [George Washington] death in 1799, Congress failed on several occasions to fund a monument and it wasn’t until 1833 that a group of citizens founded the Washington National Monument Society, a private organization dedicated to building a monument to the United States’ first president. . . . . By 1848, the Washington National Monument Society had collected $230,000 for the project and the cornerstone was laid on July 4th of that year. It included a time capsule containing statistics on Washington DC, newspapers, coins and currency, a Bible, and information on the Washington family. Source

    Interesting, it seems several things were placed in the cornerstone in a time capsule, most notably money as well as a bible. :-)

    There were plenty of people of the Eastern religions in the United States in the early 18th Century (the 1700s). The slave trade brought many people of the Muslim faith to colonies In 1730 Ayuba (Job) Suleiman Diallo was a well educated Muslim who wrote several copies of the Quoran from memory. Lamine Jay was a noted linguist. In 1753 Muslims from North Africa, appear in the records of South Carolina. In the South Carolina Council Journal. Source

    Hinduism probably arrived with early immigrants to the colonies as servants (i.e., slaves). The number of Hindus increased to a significant number following the passage of the Immigration and Nationality Services (INS) Act of 1965. Seems Congress may have opened the door to the Hindu faith (which in my personal opinion was a good thing).

    Significant numbers of Buddhist immigrants from East Asia began to arrive in the New World. In the United States, the first immigrants from China entered around 1820, but they began to arrive in large numbers following the California Gold Rush of 1849. Seems Buddhists have been in the United States since the 19th century. Source

    The Sunday Blue Law probably has its origins in the non- Christian Jewish tradition of sabbath or a day of rest. It was adopted by various religious organizations in the United States force Puritan religious beliefs on society. Most have been repealed or declared unconstitutional. Where blue laws still exist, they prohibit the sale of alcohol only before noon on Sunday. I think the rationale for this law is that people should be in Church on Sunday morning, not out buying alcohol. But as soon as Church is over, you can go grab that six pack for the football game. :-)

    Can you please provide me with a source for this claim that you make:

    The people who are trying to erase the christian history of America, are mostly, but not all,former members of the hippie movement, who rebelled against their parent’s christian believes , and were trying to evolve the human race through mind altering drugs, and exploring new religious beliefs , to break away from the values of American society and the government that was fighting the Vietnam war, which was fault to slow up the spread of communism.

  • H Maria Perry
    H Maria Perryalmost 6 years ago

    During my studies in college for my degree in history, I was required to take a number of hours of American history. While a college education in the United States is by no means the best education available, I did do a lot of research on the Founding Fathers, including George Washington. I found some interesting information on the internet regarding Washington’s religious beliefs that I remember from my studies:

    _After the revolution, Washington frequently accompanied his wife to Christian church services; however, there is no record of his ever taking communion, and he would regularly leave services before communion —with the other non-communicants (as was the custom of the day), until, after being admonished by a rector, he ceased attending at all on communion Sundays. Prior to communion, believers are admonished to take stock of their spiritual lives and not to participate in the ceremony unless he finds himself in the will of God. Historians and biographers continue to debate the degree to which he can be counted as a Christian, and the degree to which he was a deist.

    He was an early supporter of religious toleration and freedom of religion. In 1775, he ordered that his troops not show anti-Catholic sentiments by burning the pope in effigy on Guy Fawkes Night. When hiring workmen for Mount Vernon, he wrote to his agent, “If they be good workmen, they may be from Asia, Africa, or Europe; they may be Mohammedans, Jews, or Christians of any sect, or they may be Atheists.” In 1790, he wrote a response to a letter from the Touro Synagogue, in which he said that as long as people remain good citizens, their faith does not matter. This was a relief to the Jewish community of the United States, since the Jews had been either expelled or discriminated against in many European countries._ Source

    In reading many letters and other writings attributed to George Washington, I have never read that he considered himself a Christian. I have also never read that he declared Jesus to be his Lord and Savior, which one would expect a true Christian to do. Most likely, Washington was a deist, but only George and God know that for sure.

  • Helen,

    Jared Spark, ( 1789-1866) noted writer and historian, wrote a 12 volume compilation of George Washington’s writings.
    In his search of Washington’s faith, He wrote Nelly Curtis Lewis, the granddaughter, who also was adopted by the Washington as their daughter, who lived with the Washingtons for 20 years.
    She knew the public and privet live of Washington, and observed his faith in God. According to her George washington was instrumental in establishing
    Pohich church, he supported and contributed to it largely, he had his own pew in front of the pulpit.
    He also attended Christ church, and had his own pew in that church. She also stated that the only time he didn’t attend church is if he was sick, or weather did not permit. she stated he road a horse or took a carriage 2-3 hours one way trip,10 mile in distance, to go to church.
    About taking communion,Nelly stated her mother,Eleanor Calvert Lewis, lived with the Washington after being married to John Parke Curtis, for 2 years, her mother told her Washington always took communion with his wife before the revolution.
    Nelly Curtis Lewis statement on people who question Washington’s Christian faith : " I should have thought it the greatest heresy to doubt his firm belief in Christianity. His life, his writings, prove that he was a christian. He was not one of those who act or pray that they may be seen of men."

    You may find the article on Christian Answer . Net


    – Stephen J. Vattimo

  • H Maria Perry
    H Maria Perryalmost 6 years ago

    I read the book years ago. And while I do credit Mr. Spark, he chose to ignore certain other documents in order to further the premise of his book — the glorification of Washington. Which is not a bad thing, except there are glaring discrepancies between the writings he included in the book and those he omitted. One letter from a relative speaking about her belief about Washington’s religious views is interesting, but not compelling. George Washington subscribed to and was a member of the Free Masons. It is especially not compelling in view of the observations of the ministers of the Anglican Churches where he attended services:

    Rev. Dr. James Abercrombie, rector of St. Peter’s Episcopal Church in Philadelphia, related a story in which Washington himself said he was never a communicant. Washington regularly left services before communion along with the other non-communicants. When Abercrombie mentioned in a weekly sermon that those in elevated stations set an unhappy example by leaving at communion, Washington ceased attending at all on communion Sundays (communion was not celebrated every week in the Episcopal Church at that time). Long after Washington died, when asked about Washington’s beliefs, Abercrombie replied: “Sir, Washington was a Deist!” Washington took his oath on the King James Version of the Bible at his first inauguration as President. (There is no known record of a Bible being used at his second inauguration.)

    Source (emphasis added)

    The Treaty of Tripoli Article 11 “The United States is in no sense founded upon the Christian doctrine.”

    This treaty was signed in 1796. The link I provided is the Library of Congress archive image.

    Archiving America is a pretty good site to begin research, however I prefer the Library of Congress for images of original documents.

  • H Maria Perry
    H Maria Perryalmost 6 years ago

    Further support for the contention that the Founding Fathers envisioned a secular government may be found in the Constitution of the United States, Article II, Section 1, the Oath of Office of the President of the United States

    Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:—“I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States

    It is the Constitution itself that the President swears (or affirms) that he/she will defend. There is no inclusion of the words, “so help me God.” Since 1797 the President is sworn in by the Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court, not a religious leader. Source Library of Congress In Architect of the Capitol. Documents

  • Helen,

    Dr, Peter Lillback President of Westminster Theological seminary.
    spent the last 15 years researching George Washington’s faith.
    His book of 1,100 pages, entitled, " George Washington’s Sacred Fire."
    includes the founding father’s own words and testimonies of his family.

    Expression of faith:

    Lillback says," It’s wrong to compare Washington to a modern-day evangelical . He says Anglicans in Virginia did not express their faith in the way many Christians do today. But to say our first President paid lip service to Christianity is to ignore the facts."

    " Washington’s grandchildren later recalled that the general often spent afternoons with Martha reading sermons to her. Lillback said, I’ ve read those sermons, they could be preached in a biblical pulpit today. they’re fill with Christian truth."

    But what about the historians who say Washington was never confirmed in the church ?

    " Washington was never confirmed in the Anglican church, because you need a bishop to do it. There were no bishops in America." Lillbach explained.

    And the claim that Washington avoided communion ?

    " All the evidence shows that he communed regularly before the war."
    Lillback said, " After the war began he stopped. He was now at war with the head of the church. How could you be communing with the King of England when you’re trying to fight him ?"

    Family had no doubt of the General’s belief in Christ.

    Lillback also counters the modern day notion that Washington avoided using the name of Jesus Christ.

    " for him, Jesus name was very sacred." Lillback explained.
    He used that name in worship or only when necessary in a special sense."

    But did he use it ? Washington told the Delaware Indians in 1779, " You do well to wish to learn our arts and ways of life, and above all, the religion of Jesus Christ, these will make you a greater and happier people then you are."

    Lillback says Washington’s family had no doubt about his firm belief in Christ. They had a verse from the 11th chapter of the book of John engraved over his tomb. I am the resurrection, and the life : he that believe in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die.

    But something even many evangelicals are uncomfortable with is Washington’s membership in the Masonic order.

    Lillback says that while the Freemasons veered away from biblical Christianity in the 19th century, to be a member in Washington’s day, you had to be a Christian.

    The exerts were taken from an artical by Lee Webb

    February 22, 2007

    You may see the whole interview of Dr Peter Lillback on the faith of George Washington on CBN


    – Stephen J. Vattimo

  • H Maria Perry
    H Maria Perryalmost 6 years ago

    For every secular historian who presents a more human view of George Washington, there will be another religiously affiliated person to counter with evidence to support the view that Washington was a devoted Christian. It is an exercise in futility, as I consider your sources biased toward proving a religious point of view, whereas you probably consider any author I offer for consideration as biased toward the secular view. The truth probably lies somewhere in the middle — George Washington was a human being (not a saint) with all the faults and weaknesses of a human being.

    The truth of the matter remains, that the Founding Fathers held various beliefs. It is also truth that our treaty with Tripoli clearly defines this country as a nation not founded upon religious doctrine. The treaty was negotiated during George Washington’s second term, so there is every reason to believe that President Washington was aware of the entire contents of the treaty as he was still president ( 1789 – 1797 ). Source

    The critical historian has to ask, if this nation was founded upon Christian principals and not the political philosophies of Locke and Hume (among others) that Washington would have objected to the inclusion of that article in the Treaty since its inclusion neither adds to nor detracts from the terms of the Treaty itself.

  • Dayonda
    Dayondaabout 5 years ago

    Good line-art!

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