One of nature's beauties - Common Toad


Amsterdam, Netherlands

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Artist's Description

Common toad (Bufo bufo) – photographed in Bijlmerweide, Amsterdam SouthEast, the Netherlands
Copyright © 2012 Steppeland – All rights reserved

See more of my : amphibians / Bijlmerweide collection

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For further info about this image and technical details, please see full description.

“The common toad (Bufo bufo) or European toad is an amphibian widespread throughout Europe.
Toads generally hunt at night, and are most active in wet weather. As a defence against predators they secrete a toxic, foul tasting substance called bufagin. This is enough to deter many predators although grass snakes and hedgehogs are immune. Although the adults spend most of their time on land the females enter ponds and other still waters to lay their eggs, toadspawn, which can be distinguished from the spawn of the common frog as it forms strings rather than a large mass of eggs. Eggs are laid in the spring, with the females attempting to return to the water in which they were born. The young tadpoles resemble other tadpoles in their appearance except that toadpoles have a larger, rounder blacker head and shorter tail.”
Source: Wikipedia

Conservation status

The common toad is on the IUCN list of threatened species, status: Least Concern


Bijlmerweide is a natural and recreation area near the highly populated municipality of Amsterdam SouthEast. Here a group of volunteers belonging to a local nature association work together with the parks department of the city council to maintain and enable natural diversity and create some flower rich grasslands. Therefor, they participate in the regular mowing and removing of the vegetation by hand, of a few little grasslands in the area, and an inventarisation is made of the plants to document the effect of the treatment to the diversity of the plants growing on these lots.

Technical details
Photograph made with Pentax K10D camera and
Tamron AF70-300mm Tele-macro1:2 lens

Credits : textures by
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