PORTICO – OPLONTIS (Salerno, Italy)
Symmetrical in relation to the other, nearly identical, which extends to the west of the atrium, this portico has structural peculiarity in its columns, which are joined by sections of wall in “opus craticium” (economical building technique with square wooden frames, filled with gravel bound using lime and mud), with wooden frames filled with stones blocks, into which it is quite possible a gate was inserted : this expedient had to be adopted to protect the back rooms from being too hot in summer and too cold in winter. The above rooms – which, like the portico, were soberly decorated with a red or white background – were small bedrooms, in one of which it has been possible to recreate the decorated ceiling. From a previous era, is instead the fresco of the cubiculum (bedroom with vaulted niches in the wall, into which the beds were inserted) at the beginning of the portico, with a yellow background at the bottom and the central panels, separated by candelabra and pilasters, while at the top appear architectural elements in perspectives on a white background, finely rendered with calligraphic precision.
VILLA OF POPPEA