Early morning mist at Wallingford Bridge
The Thames at Wallingford had to be crossed by ford or boat when William the Conqueror’s army arrived in 1066. However, at the time it was probably a wooden one.
There is believed to have been a stone bridge by the 13th century, and four of the arches contain stone from this time. Major repairs in 1530 used stone from the dissolved Holy Trinity Priory.
Upkeep of the bridge was a continual problem, and in 1571 Elizabeth I allowed tolls to be charged both for going over the bridge and for passing under it.
The Civil War and After
During the Civil War, four arches were removed so a drawbridge could be put in during the siege of the castle. The missing arches had only wooden replacements until 1751. In 1671 wardens were put on the bridge to stop people crossing from Crowmarsh who might bring in the plague. And after a flood, which took away three arches, the bridge was largely rebuilt in 1809, with a balustrade and parapet.
Extract from the www.wallingford.co.uk, Wallingford, The Wallingford Welcome © Copyright Wallingford Partnership Ltd, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, Tourist, Information.