Main Street Historic District is a national historic district located at Cold Spring Harbor in Suffolk County, New York. The district has 32 contributing buildings. The majority of the buildings were built between 1855 and 1890. It encompasses the village’s historic core and charts its development from a major whaling port to a summer resort community.
It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1985.
Cold Spring Harbor was named after the naturally cold freshwater springs that flow in the area. Its economy mainly tied to milling and port activities, it rose in prominence as a whaling community in the mid-nineteenth century. After the decline of whaling in the 1860s, it became a resort town with several hotels. In the 20th century it became known as the site of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, although the laboratory itself is located in the adjacent village of Laurel Hollow in Nassau County which was called Cold Spring, before incorporation.
Today it is primarily a bedroom community of New York City, with a small central business area running along Route 25A, and is home to many educational and cultural organizations: the Cold Spring Harbor Whaling Museum, the Cold Spring Harbor Fish Hatchery and Aquarium, Dolan DNA Learning Center, the Uplands Farm Sanctuary (home of The Nature Conservancy’s Long Island chapter), and a gallery run by the Society for the Preservation of Long Island Antiquities. Read more