Free Spirit by Andrew (ark photograhy art)

Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples in North America within the boundaries of the present-day continental United States, parts of Alaska, and the island state of Hawaii.
Calumets and other Native American ceremonial pipes have often been given the misnomer, “peace pipe”; this is a European construct based on only one type of pipe and one way it was used. Various types of ceremonial pipes have been used by multiple Native American cultures, with the style of pipe, materials smoked, and ceremonies being unique to the distinct religions of those Nations.

In ceremonial usage, the smoke is believed to carry prayers to the attention of the Creator or other powerful spirits. Lakota tradition has it that White Buffalo Calf Woman, brought the Chanunpa to the people, and instructed them in its symbolism and ceremonies.

According to oral traditions, and amply illustrated by pre-contact pipes in museums and tribal and private holdings, some ceremonial pipes are adorned with feathers, fur, human or animal hair, beadwork, quills, carvings or other items having significance for the owner. Other pipes are very simple. Many are not kept by an individual, but are instead held collectively by a medicine society or similar ceremonial organization.

Before the development of lighter cigarette tobacco, the smoke was too harsh to be inhaled traditionally by Native Americans in ceremonial use. Today in most peace pipe ceremonies the smoke is not inhaled.

From Wikipedia

All stock images from i stock and edited in Photoshop over 10 images blended. composed in this one image.

I have been interested in photography since l was 14. I have recently completed my Diploma in photograghpy, this has helped my to produce works that are very unique.

View Full Profile


  • Roy  Massicks
    Roy Massicksover 3 years ago

    This is stunning Andrew. Love the whole concept and very informative write-up. Fav for me.

  • Thanks Roy and thanks for the fav. Cheers Andrew

    – Andrew (ark photograhy art)

  • Rhonda Strickland
    Rhonda Stricklandover 3 years ago

    Faces, Ages & Stages
    Aug 14, 2011
    ♥Rhonda & Anna

  • Wow, thanks : )

    – Andrew (ark photograhy art)

desktop tablet-landscape content-width tablet-portrait workstream-4-across phone-landscape phone-portrait
desktop tablet-landscape content-width tablet-portrait workstream-4-across phone-landscape phone-portrait

10%off for joining

the Redbubble mailing list

Receive exclusive deals and awesome artist news and content right to your inbox. Free for your convenience.