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Timeline of European Architecture

800BC-400BC Etruscan
750BC-AD250 Ancient Greece
700BC-300BC Ancient Rome
400BC-AD700 Roman
300BC-200BC Early Classical
700-1050 Pre-Romanesque/Early Christian

  1. Merovingian 475-780
  2. Carolingian 775-890
  3. Ottonian 950-1050
  4. Asturian 711-910

1000-1250 Kiev
1050-1175 Romanesque
1066-1190 Norman
1120-1220 Romanesque Brick
1150-1550 Gothic

Gothic styles in England:

  1. Norman 1066-1200
  2. Early English 1180-1275
  3. Decorated 1275-1380
  4. Perpendicular1380-1550

Gothic styles in France (Opus Francigenum):

  1. Early 1140-1260
  2. High 1200-1320
  3. Rayonnant 1160-1250
  4. Late or Flamboyant 1150-1550
  5. Southern 13thC

Gothic in Germany and Eastern Europe:

  1. Brick Gothic (Backsteingotik) 1175-1425

Gothic styles in Italy:

  1. development of the Cistercian 1150-1228
  2. Early 1228-1290
  3. Mature 1290-1385
  4. Late 1385-1550

Gothic styles in Spain:

  1. Early – 12thC
  2. High – 13thC
  3. Mudejar – 13-15thC
  4. Levantino – 14thC
  5. Flamboyant – 15thC
  6. Isabelline – 15thC

1400-1600 Renaissance

  1. Quattrocento (Early) 1400-1500
  2. High Renaissance 1500-1525
  3. Mannerism 1520-1600

1475-1600 Tudor
1540-1600 Elizabethan
1600-1780 Baroque

  1. English 1660-1715
  2. French 1630-1750
  3. Russian 1620-1730
  4. Sicilian 1580-1740

1600-1660 Jacobean
1620-1700 Palladianism
1725-1850 Georgian
1750-1870 Neoclassical
1800-1830 Regency
1800-1900 Neogothic
1840-present day Gothic Revival
1870-1900 Romanesque Revival
1900-present day Baroque Revival
1900-present day Modernist

20thC Architects

  1. Peter Behrens 1868-1940
  2. Joseph Emberton 1889-1956
  3. Antoni Gaudí 1852-1926
  4. Kathleen Eileen Moray Gray 1878-1976
  5. Walter Gropius 1883-1969
  6. Victor Horta 1861-1947
  7. Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris (Le Corbusier) 1887-1965
  8. Charles Rennie Mackintosh 1868-1928
  9. Oscar Niemeyer (Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho) 1907-2012
  10. Ludwig Miles van de Rohe 1886-1969
  11. Otto Wagner 1841-1918
  12. Frank Lloyd Wright 1867-1959

Bibliography

Cheam, F Great Cathedrals Hampton House, London, ISBN 0905015 14 2
Fletcher, B A History of Architecture The Athlone Press, London, 1975
Henderson, G Gothic Penguin, Victoria, 1967
Lavedan, P French Architecture Penguin, Victoria, 1956
Lethaby, W R Medieval Art Thomas Nelson, London, 1949
Pevsner, N An Outline of European Architecture Penguin, Victoria, 1961
Swaan, W The Gothic Cathedral ISBN 0907853 48 X
Vasari, G Lives of the Artists Vol II Penguin, Victoria, 1987
Webster, C R D Chantrell (1793-1872) Spire Books, Reading, 2010

Journal Comments

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  • Peter Reid