The Nuuanu Pali was the setting for one of the most significant battles in Hawaiian history. In 1795, Kamehameha I and his army invaded Oahu. Kamehameha’s army marched to Nuuanu Valley to face Kalanikupule’s troops. The ensuing battle was fierce, bloody and unrelenting. Gradually, Kamehameha’s men gained an advantage, forcing Kalanikupule’s forces to retreat further up the valley. The Oahuans attempted to make a final stand, but Kamehameha’s army was too strong. Thousands of Kalanikupule’s men were pursued and driven over the steep cliffs to their deaths. It’s said the victory was so complete that not a single Oahu warrior that got into the upper part of the valley escaped alive.
I really regret I did not shoot this panoramic photograph a little wider in height. Initially I wanted to avoid having too much sky (there was nothing in the foreground except the drop off of the cliff) but in retrospect it is a bit too narrow for its length.