101 views on 6/26/11.
Jimmy met this House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) at The Alamo in San Antonio, Texas (USA). Any place where the tourists go is a good place to find scraps to eat.
Photo taken in December, 2010 with a Kodak EasyShare Z712 IS camera. Photo is AS IS. Jimmy won’t allow me to do photoediting on his work.
Exposure: 1/60 seconds
Aperture: F 4.76
Focal Length: 70.20 mm
The House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) is a species of passerine bird of the sparrow family Passeridae. It occurs naturally in most of Europe, the Mediterranean region, and much of Asia. It has also been intentionally or accidentally introduced to many parts of the world, making it the most widely distributed wild bird. It is strongly associated with human habitations, but it is not the only sparrow species found near houses. It is a small bird, with feathers mostly different shades of brown and grey.
Its introduced range encompasses most of North America, Central America, southern South America, southern Africa, part of West Africa, Australia, New Zealand, and islands throughout the world, making it the most widely distributed wild bird on the planet. The House Sparrow has become highly successful in most parts of the world where it has been introduced. This is mostly due to its early adaptation to living with humans, and its adaptability to a wide range of conditions. Other factors may include its robust immune response. When introduced, the House Sparrow spreads quickly, sometimes at the rate of over 140 miles per year. In many parts of the world it has become a pest, and a threat to many native bird species. A few introductions have died out or been of limited success, such as those to Greenland and Cape Verde.
The first of many successful introductions to North America occurred when fifty pairs from England were released in Brooklyn, New York, in 1852. It now occurs from Northwest Territories to Darién Province, and it is one of the most abundant birds in North America. The House Sparrow was first introduced to Australia in 1863 at Melbourne and is a common pest throughout eastern Australia, but has been prevented from establishing itself in Western Australia, where every House Sparrow found in the state is killed. House Sparrows were introduced in New Zealand in 1859, and from there reached many of the Pacific islands, including Hawaii. In southern Africa birds of both the European subspecies domesticus and the Indian subspecies indicus were introduced around 1900. Birds of domesticus ancestry are confined to a few towns, while indicus birds have spread rapidly, reaching Tanzania in the 1980s. Despite this success, native relatives such as the Cape Sparrow also occur in towns, competing successfully with it. In South America, it was first introduced near Buenos Aires around 1870, and quickly became common in most of the southern part of the continent. It now occurs almost continuously from Tierra del Fuego to the fringes of Amazonia, with isolated populations as far north as coastal Venezuela. [from the article on wikipedia]