SOLD a print of this on 9/5/12.
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7/8/10 – Featured in the A WILDERNESS SOMEWHERE Group.
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1,345 views and 70 favorites, as of 6/25/11.
Evening view of Logan Pass in Glacier National Park, Montana (USA), taken in Summer of 2009 from the Going-to-the-Sun Highway.
I’m entering this in the National or State Parks challenge, hosted by the Preserving History group.
- Shaun -
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“The region that became Glacier National Park was first inhabited by Native Americans and upon the arrival of European explorers, was dominated by the Blackfeet in the east and the Flathead in the western regions. Soon after the establishment of the park on May 11, 1910, a number of hotels and chalets were constructed by the Great Northern Railway. These historic hotels and chalets are listed as National Historic Landmarks, and a total of 350 locations are on the National Register of Historic Places. By 1932, work was completed on the Going-to-the-Sun Road, later designated a National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark, which provided greater accessibility for automobiles into the heart of the park.”
“According to archeological evidence, Native Americans first arrived in the Glacier area some 10,000 years ago. The earliest occupants with lineage to current tribes were the Salish, Flathead, Shoshone and Cheyenne. The Blackfeet arrived around the beginning of the 18th century and soon dominated the eastern slopes of what later became the park, as well as the Great Plains immediately to the east. The park region provided the Blackfeet shelter from the harsh winter winds of the plains, and supplemented their traditional bison hunts with other game meat. Today, the Blackfeet Indian Reservation borders the park in the east, while the Flathead Indian Reservation is located west and south of the park. When the Blackfeet Reservation was first established in 1855 by the Lame Bull Treaty, it included the eastern area of the current park up to the Continental Divide. To the Blackfeet, the mountains of this area, especially Chief Mountain and the region in the southeast at Two Medicine, were considered the “Backbone of the World” and were frequented during vision quests. In 1895, Chief White Calf of the Blackfeet authorized the sale of the mountain area, some 800,000 acres (3,200 km2), to the U.S. government for $1.5 million with the understanding that they would maintain usage rights to the land for hunting as long as the ceded stripe will be public land of the United States. This established the current boundary between the park and the reservation."
“While exploring the Marias River in 1806, the Lewis and Clark Expedition came within 50 miles (80 km) of the area that is now the park. A series of explorations after 1850 helped to shape the understanding of the area that later became the park. In 1885, George Bird Grinnell hired noted explorer (and later well regarded author) James Willard Schultz to guide him on a hunting expedition into what would later become the park. After several more trips to the region, Grinnell became so inspired by the scenery that he spent the next two decades working to establish a national park. In 1901, Grinnell wrote a description of the region, in which he referred to it as the “Crown of the Continent”, and his efforts to protect the land make him the premier contributor to this cause. A few years after Grinnell first visited, Henry L. Stimson and two companions, including a Blackfoot, climbed the steep east face of Chief Mountain in 1892."
“In 1891, the Great Northern Railway crossed the Continental Divide at Marias Pass 5,213 feet (1,589 m), which is along the southern boundary of the park. In an effort to stimulate use of the railroad, the Great Northern soon advertised the splendors of the region to the public. The company lobbied the United States Congress, and in 1897, the park was designated as a forest preserve. Under the forest designation mining was still allowed, but was not commercially successful. Meanwhile, proponents of protecting the region kept up their efforts, and in 1910, under the influence of George Bird Grinnell, Henry L. Stimson and the railroad, a bill was introduced into the U.S. Congress which redesignated the region from a forest reserve to a national park. This bill was signed into law by President William Howard Taft on May 11, 1910. From May until August, the forest reserve supervisor, Fremont Nathan Haines, managed the Park’s resources as the first acting superintendent. In August 1910, William Logan was appointed the Park’s first superintendent. While the designation of the forest reserve confirmed the traditional usage rights of the Blackfeet, the enabling legislation of the National Park does not mention the guarantees to the Native Americans. It is the position of the United States government, that with the special designation as a National Park the mountains ceded their multi-purpose public land status and the former rights ceased to exist as it was confirmed by the Court of Claims in 1935. Some Blackfeet held that their traditional usage rights still exist de jure. In the 1980s armed standoffs were avoided narrowly several times.”
[Taken from the wikipedia article]
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Model: COOLPIX P90
Shutter Speed: 10/1538 second
Focal Length: 15 mm
ISO Speed: 64
Date Taken: Aug 18, 2009, 7:24:59 PM
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7/11/10 – TOP TEN WINNER in the Show Me Your Summer challenge in the Hosting Tutorial Class group.
7/27/10 – TOP TEN WINNER in the National or State Parks challenge in the Preserving History Group.
TOP TEN WINNER in the LANDSCAPES No Water challenge, hosted by the Live and Let Live group.
9/9/10 – FIRST PLACE WINNER (tied) in the Mountain Valleys challenge, hosted by the Mountains Across the Globe group.
SECOND PLACE WINNER in the Your Favorite Picture From Your Gallery challenge in the All Parks Group.
10/18/10 – FIRST PLACE WINNER (tied) in the Closeup of Big Rocky Mountains challenge in the Mountains Across the Globe group.
1/15/11 – TOP TEN WINNER in the Creative Lighting challenge hosted by the Hosting Tutorial Class group.
5/10/11 – SECOND PLACE WINNER in the Habitats & Landscapes – Mountains challenge in the Nature Photography Challenge group.