Sunflower Seed Bug - Agonoscelis versicoloratus - Stinkbesie

Rina Greeff

Jansenville, South Africa

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Artist's Description

Twee stinkbesies in ons tuin op Jansenville in die Oos-Kaap van Suid-Afrika.
Sunflower Seed Bugs in our garden at Jansenville in the Eastern Cape of South Africa.

The Stink Bug is part of the order Hemiptera considered ‘true bugs’ and are related to cicadas, aphids and plant hoppers because they all share common sucking mouthparts and wings that are covered with a membrane. It also has a segmented beak and three body segments. Nymphs are similar to adults but smaller and without wings.
The Stink Bug is also known as a shield bug because of the shield-like shape of its body. It also gets its name from the pungent odor it emits when squashed, jostled, cornered, scared or injured. In large groups, stink bugs are considered agricultural pests because they suck juices from their host plants and cause damage to crops.
There are about 300 on the species in SA and are mostly plant eaters. They have well developed stink glands which open on the top of the abdomen in nymphs. Stink bugs are distinguished from other bugs by the large triangular scutellum (shield) which is longer than half the length of the abdomen. They reproduce by laying eggs usually on the leaves of plants.
Stink-bugs are used in some cultures to add flavour to stews. In Venda the edible stink bug, Encosternum delegorguei, is a useful winter harvest.

Hemiptera, of Halfvlerkiges (Engels: bugs) is een van die grootste insek-ordes, met sowat 82 000 spesies wat reeds beskryf is. In die volksmond praat mense ook soms van besies, wantse of luise, en dié eindelose orde sluit blomluise, plantluise, wolluise, weeluise, sonbesies, stinkbesies, skuimbesies, boomspringers, blaarspringers, witvlieë en waterskerpioene ens. in.
Halfvlerkiges kan maklik onderskei van kewers deur na hul monddele te kyk. Kewers het kake wat horisontaal oor mekaar werk. Die Hemiptera het nie kake nie, maar die mond is altyd in die vorm van ’n skerp, naaldagtige ‘snawel’ of ’n lang snuit wat in staat is om plantweefsels te deurboor en die sap in te suig. Die meeste soorte het stinkkliere wat aan elke kant van die borsstuk naby die agterpote open en ’n onaangename vloeistof afskei.

Kamera CanonEOS 500D Canon EF 100mm f/2.8 USM Macro Lens

Artwork Comments

  • swaby
  • Rina Greeff
  • Maree Clarkson
  • Rina Greeff
  • Konstantinos Arvanitopoulos
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