But alas! now a moral category was brought into play: no
creature wants to deceive itself, no creature may deceive—consequently
there is only a will to truth. What is “truth”?
The apparently crazy idea that a man should esteem the
actions he performs for another more highly than those he performs
for himself, and that this other should likewise, etc. (that
one should call good only those actions that a man performs with
an eye, not to himself, but to the welfare of another) has a meaning: namely, as the social instinct resting on the valuation that the
single individual is of little account, but all individuals together are
of very great account provided they constitute a community with
a common feeling and a common conscience. Therefore a kind of
training in looking in a certain definite direction, the will to a
perspective that seeks to make it impossible to see oneself.
My idea: goals are lacking and these must be individuals’!
We observe how things are everywhere: every individual is sacrificed
and serves as a tool. Go into the street and you encounter
lots of “’slaves.” Whither? For what?
“Christianity” has become something fundamentally different
from what its founder did and desired. It is the great anti-pagan
movement of antiquity, formulated through the employment of the
life, teaching and “words” of the founder of Christianity but interpreted
in an absolutely arbitrary way after the pattern of fundamentally
different needs: translated into the language of every
already existing subterranean religion-
It is the rise of pessimism (-while Jesus wanted to bring
peace and the happiness of lambs): and moreover the pessimism
of the weak, the inferior, the suffering, the oppressed.
Its mortal enemy is (1) power in character, spirit and taste;
“worldliness”; (2) classical “happiness,” the noble levity and skepticism,
the hard pride, the eccentric intemperance and the cool self-sufficiency
of the sage, Greek refinement in gesture, word, and
form. Its mortal enemy is the Roman just as much as the Greek.
Attempt by anti-paganism to found and make itself possible
philosophically: predilection for the ambiguous figures of the old
culture, above all for Plato, that instinctive Semite and anti-Hellene
also for Stoicism, which is essentially the work of Semites
(“dignity” as strictness, law, virtue as greatness, self-responsibility,
authority, as supreme sovereignty over one’s own person this
is Semitic. The Stoic is an Arabian sheik wrapped in Greek
togas and concepts).
“WiIling”: means willing an end. “An end” includes an
evaluation. Whence come evaluations? Is their basis a firm norm,
“pleasant” and “painful”?
But in countless cases we first make a thing painful by investing
it with an evaluation.