BIRCH TREE 01 – PENCIL DRAWING

This Artwork is Created On 2011 – 01 – 01 By RainbowArt

Paper Type: Fabriano Artistico, Extra White, 100% Cotton. 300 Grams


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THE BIRCH TREES

Birch species are generally small to medium-size trees or shrubs, mostly of temperate climates. The simple leaves may be toothed or pointed. The fruit is a small samara, although the wings may be obscure in some species.

They differ from the alders (Alnus, other genus in the family) in that the female catkins are not woody and disintegrate at maturity, falling apart to release the seeds, unlike the woody cone-like female alder catkins.

The bark of all birches is characteristically marked with long horizontal lenticels, and often separates into thin papery plates, especially upon the Paper Birch. It is practically imperishable, due to the resinous oil which it contains. Its decided color gives the common names gray, white, black, silver and yellow birch to different species.

The buds form early and are full grown by midsummer, all are lateral, no terminal bud is formed; the branch is prolonged by the upper lateral bud. The wood of all the species is close-grained with satiny texture and capable of taking a fine polish; its fuel value is fair.

The leaves of the different species vary but little. All are alternate, doubly serrate, feather-veined, petiolate, and stipulate. They often appear in pairs, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like two-leaved lateral branchlets.

FLOWERS AND FRUIT

The flowers are monoecious, opening with or before the leaves and borne on three-flowered clusters in the axils of the scales of drooping or erect aments. Staminate aments are pendulous, clustered or solitary in the axils of the last leaves of the branch of the year or near the ends of the short lateral branchlets of the year.

They form in early autumn and remain rigid during the winter. The scales of the staminate aments when mature are broadly ovate, rounded, yellow or orange color below the middle, dark chestnut brown at apex. Each scale bears two bractlets and three sterile flowers, each flower consisting of a sessile, membranaceous, usually two-lobed, calyx.

Each calyx bears four short filaments with one-celled anthers or strictly, two filaments divided into two branches, each bearing a half-anther. Anther cells open longitudinally. The pistillate aments (catkins) are erect or pendulous, solitary; terminal on the two-leaved lateral spur-like branchlets of the year.

The pistillate scales are oblong-ovate, three-lobed, pale yellow green often tinged with red, becoming brown at maturity. These scales bear two or three fertile flowers, each flower consisting of a naked ovary. The ovary is compressed, two-celled, and crowned with two slender styles; the ovule is solitary.

The ripened pistillate ament is called a strobile and bears tiny winged nuts, packed in the protecting curve of each brown and woody scale. These nuts are pale chestnut brown, compressed, crowned by the persistent stigmas. The seed fills the cavity of the nut. The cotyledons are flat and fleshy. All the species are easily grown from seed.

MY SHORT BIO

I’m a graphic designer. And i live in Amsterdam, in the Netherlands. In the past I made water-colour paintings and drawings on location or based on self made pictures.

Kind Regards,
Gerard

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Comments

  • Catherine  Howell
    Catherine Howellalmost 4 years ago

    Elegant work in its simplicity!! Lovely:)

  • Hello Catherine! Thank you for your kind response.I saw your portfolio,you make great work!Creation 2 and Ocelots are my favorites.
    Warm greetings and a happy new year.Gerard

    – RainbowArt

  • Madalena Lobao-Tello
    Madalena Lobao...almost 2 years ago

    Excellent work, really very well done!!

  • JacqueLynn
    JacqueLynnalmost 2 years ago

    There’s just something aBout a Tree sketch…I Love yours. Also, it reminds me of My Winter Tree in Seattle sketch. Perhaps you too, are Drawn to put trees down on paper…

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