Astrantia major, common name Great Masterwort, is a native perennial wildflower of Europe. It is most specifically found in Switzerland and Austria at edges of woodlands and in alpine meadows. It reached England in 1597 and soon became a common cottage garden flower known as Hattie’s pin-cushion.
Astrantia major is an herbaceous, perennial plant with a rhizome, belonging to the family Apiaceae. The genus name (astrantia) derives from the Latin "aster" meaning star and refers to the open star-shaped floral bracts.
Masterwort is a medicinal plant dating back to the middle ages; it’s camphor-like oil led to its suggested uses for a half dozen different ailments.
Hyde Park, London