Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis) photographed at the Lemoine Point Conservation area in Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Camera: Canon EOS 5D; Lens: Canon EF-70-200mm f/4.0L USM;
f/4.5 @ 1/ 250 sec; ISO 200; Focal length: 200mm
Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis) is a perennial, herbaceous flowering plant native to eastern North America. It is also known as bloodwort, red puccoon root, and sometimes pauson. Plants are variable in leaf and flower shape and have in the past been separated out as different subspecies due to these variable shapes. Currently most taxonomic treatments lump these different forms into one highly variable species. In bloodroot, the juice is red and poisonous.
Bloodroot, is a variable species growing from 20–50 centimetres (7.9–20 in) tall, normally with one large, sheath-like basal multi-lobed leaf up to 12 centimetres (4.7 in) across. Bloodroot stores sap in an orange colored rhizome, that grows shallowly under or at the soil surface. Plants start to bloom before the foliage unfolds in early spring and after blooming the leaves expand to their full size and go summer dormant in mid to late summer.
The flowers are produced from March to May, with 8-12 delicate white petals and yellow reproductive parts. The flowers appear over clasping leaves while blooming. The flowers are pollinated by small bees and flies, seeds develop in elongated green pods 40 to 60 mm in length and ripen before the foliage goes dormant. The seeds are round in shape and when ripe are black to orange-red in color.