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ANZAC by Philip Golan

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ANZAC was the name given to the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps soldiers who landed on the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey early on the morning of 25 April 1915 during the First World War (1914-1918).
Each year, on this day, solemn ceremonies of remembrance are celebrated throughout Australia and New Zealand.

This image was inspired by a visit to The Park of the Australian Soldier in Beer Sheba, Israel. The park was opened in 2008, in commemoration of the 90th anniversary of the “Charge of the Light Horse” on the 31st October 1917. The centrepiece of the new park, is the Light Horse memorial statue created by the renowned Australian sculptor Peter Corlett .
I have, since my visit, posted three images of this statue from different angles: Australian Light Horse, 4th Australian Light Horse Regiment – Trooper Ion Idriess , and 4th Australian Light Horse Regiment .

This image was created to remember Anzac Day, and in particular the personal sacrifice of two officers killed in “The Charge of the Light Horse” on the 31st October 1917.
Both officers:
Second Lietenant F.J. BurtonFarmer; of Minyap, Vic ; b. Nullan, Vic , 22 Dec, 1893. Killed in action. 31 Oct., 1917.
and
Lieutenant B.P.G. MeredithGrazier; of Larpent, Colac, Vic.; b Keilamete, Terang, Vic., 9 July 1882. Killed in action, 31 Oct., 1917.
were from the 4th Australian Light Horse, and are mentioned in the “Official History of Australia in the War of 1914-1918”.
This reference, can be found in Volume 7 – The Australian Imperial Force in Sinai and Palestine, 1914–1918 (10th edition, 1941) – Chapter XXIII , page 397. Written by H. S. Gullett

An excerpt is on the facing page.


This image includes a stock image (Fotolia) background of a sunset and silhouette of an Australian soldier.
Photographs of the statue, and the gravestones of both officers in the Commonwealth War Cemetery in Beer Sheeba.
Tag cloud, showing words extracted from “The Ode”, created on Tagxedo

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Born in Sydney, Australia.
Live in Natanya, Israel.

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Retired Det. Chief Inspector (Israel Police)
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Comments

  • Philip Golan
    Philip Golanover 4 years ago
    . . . . . At 4.30 the two regiments moved off at the trot, deploying at once until there was a space of five yards between the horsemen. Surprise and speed were their one chance, and almost at once the pace was quickened to a gallop. As the force topped the crest, Grant with McKenzie, his brigade-major, rode in the lead, and Bourchier and Cameron were at the head of their regiments; but when once direction was given to the movement, the leading squadrons of each regiment pressed forward, and Grant fell back into the reserve line, from which he could control subsequent developments. Cameron and Bourchier were never far behind the vanguard. The leading squadron of the 4th on the right was under Major J. Lawson a powerful young Yorkshireman, who had emigrated to Victoria some years before the war; the vanguard of the 12th was entrusted to Major E. M. Hyman, a farmer from New South Wales. Regimental headquarters and the machine-guns rode with the reserve squadron. The 11th Regiment followed at the trot, and then came FitzGerald’s 5th Mounted Brigade, while away on the left the 7th Mounted Brigade advanced briskly along the Khalasa road. If, therefore, the heroic galloping vanguard was a slender striking force, it had a substantial following in close support.The Turks were quick to observe the movement, and opened fire with shrapnel on the 4th and 12th Regiments immediately they deployed. But the range was long, the target scattered and fleeting, and the casualties trifling. After going nearly two miles, hot machine-gun fire was directed against the leading squadrons from the direction of Hill 1180 on the left. This fire, coming from an effective range, might have proved destructive; but the vigilant officers of the Essex Battery detected the machine-guns as soon as they began to shoot, got the range at once, and were lucky enough to put them out of action with the first few shells.Lawson and Hyman were now within range of the Turkish riflemen directly in their track, and these, after an erratic opening, settled down to sustained rapid fire. Many horses in the leading line were hit and dropped, but there was no check to the charge. The enemy fire served only to speed the gallop. These Australian countrymen had never in all their riding at home ridden a race like this; and all ranks, from the heroic ground scouts galloping in front of the squadron leaders, to the men in the third line, drove in their spurs and charged on Beersheba. Grant, when he gave his order, had no clear knowledge of what was ahead, and neither Lawson nor Hynam yet knew. But all rode for victory and for Australia.The fire from the trenches came chiefly from Lawson’s front, and the bold Yorkshireman led his squadron straight at it. As they came within half-a-mile of the earthworks, which were now clearly in view, the casualties among the horsemen almost entirely ceased, despite an increase in the firing. Over the last few hundred yards Lawson’s men galloped untouched; the Turks. surprised and bewildered at the sheer audacity of the charge, had failed to change the sights on their rifles, and their fire was passing harmlessly overhead.The first trench, a shallow, unfinished one, held by only a few riflemen, was taken by the rushing horsemen in their stride. Close behind them was the main line, a trench in places ten feet deep and four feet wide, thickly lined by Turks. As Lawson’s men galloped at this obstacle several horses and men were shot, but the excited line pressed on, jumped the trench and, reining up amidst a nest of tents and dugouts, dismounted. Lawson’s three leading troops were then joined by a troop from the 12th Regiment; as the horses were led at the gallop to cover, the Australians leaped into the main trench which they had just crossed and went to work with the bayonet, at the same time clearing up the enemy in the dugouts.Lieutenant F. J. Burtons was killed as his horse was jumping the trenches, and Lieutenant B. P. G. Meredith fell immediately after dismounting. But the Turks were now so demoralised that they offered only a feeble resistance to the bayonet, and any shooting on their part was wild and comparatively harmless. After between thirty and forty had been killed with the steel, the rest threw down their rifles and begged for pity. One of the troopers had galloped on to a reserve trench further ahead. The Turks shot his horse as he jumped, and the animal fell into the trench. When the dazed Australian found his feet he was surrounded by five Turks with their hands up. The enemy had been beaten rather by the sheer recklessness of the charge than by the very limited fighting powers of this handful of Australians. Captain A. D. Reid, who was leading the squadron of the 4th which followed Lawson, dismounted one of his troops to deal with the enemy in the shallow advanced trench, and then pressed on to Lawson’s assistance. In a few minutes the fight there was over. . . . . .
  • InPort
    InPortover 4 years ago

    An extremely well thought out and put together article PHILIP and one that stirs the blood and makes one think about the bravery of all those men and women and the futility of it all.

    GB
    D!

  • Thank you very much Dennis.
    Lessons and events that must never be forgotten.

    – Philip Golan

  • Bootiewootsy
    Bootiewootsyover 4 years ago

    Wonderful article and history lesson, Philip along wil a great image.

  • Thank you very much Carol.

    – Philip Golan

  • kenspics
    kenspicsover 4 years ago

    Fine work Phil!!!
    Meticulously researched, very powerful, and simply excellent!!!

  • Thank you very much for your very inspirational comments Ken.

    – Philip Golan

  • Rosalie Dale
    Rosalie Daleover 4 years ago

    Agree with Ken – powerful image and excellent narrative. LEST WE FORGET

  • Thank very much Rosalie.

    – Philip Golan

  • Thank you, for adding this image to your favourites.

    – Philip Golan

  • debsphotos
    debsphotosover 4 years ago
    Excellent work Phil…good on you!! *-)
  • Thank you Deb.

    – Philip Golan

  • Carmen Holly
    Carmen Hollyover 4 years ago

    Wonderful creation & thank you for the history.

  • Thank you very much Carmen. Much appreciated.

    – Philip Golan

  • Thank you for adding this image to your favourites.

    – Philip Golan

  • SharonD
    SharonDover 4 years ago

    Well done Phil. May we never forget.

  • Thank you Sharon.

    – Philip Golan

  • SusanAdey
    SusanAdeyover 4 years ago

    Congratulations, Philip! Your work has been featured in the Australian Travel Photography and Writing group 24 April 2010.

  • Thank you very much Susan. I am very honoured.

    – Philip Golan

  • – Philip Golan

  • Paul Dean
    Paul Deanover 4 years ago

    Great composition, excellent narrative…..brilliant concept!

  • Thank you very much Paul, for your very warm comments.

    – Philip Golan

  • Thank you too, for adding this image to your favourites.

    – Philip Golan

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