Lola Montez was from Ireland who was an actress and a dancer. She became famous as a Spanish dancer who was well known for her ‘Spider Dance’. Montez was well traveled and the mistress of King Ludwig I of Bavaria.
Montez came to tour the Ballarat goldfields, Australia in June 1855 to perform for the diggers. Here in this painting, Montez is performing the ‘Spider Dance’ for the diggers. You can read more about Montez here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lola_Montez