James Connolly (Irish: Séamas Ó Conghaile; June 5, 1868 – May 12, 1916) was an Irish socialist leader. He was born in the Cowgate area of Edinburgh, Scotland, to Irish immigrant parents. He left school for working life at the age of 11, but despite this he would become one of the leading Marxist theorists of his day. Though proud of his Irish background he also took a role in Scottish politics. In addition, he studied the neutral international language, Esperanto.1 He was shot by firing squad following his involvement in the Easter Rising of 1916.
James Connolly (Edimburgo, 1868- Dublín, 1916) fue un líder obrero irlandés y socialista. Nació en Edimburgo, hijo de padres emigrantes irlandeses. Dejó la escuela para trabajar a los once años, y posteriormente se convirtió en uno de los líderes políticos de la izquierda de su momento