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The warthog or common warthog (Phacochoerus africanus) is a wild member of the pig family (Suidae) found in grassland, savanna, and woodland in sub-Saharan Africa. A warthog is identifiable by the two pairs of tusks protruding from the mouth and curving upwards. The lower pair, which is far shorter than the upper pair, becomes razor sharp by rubbing against the upper pair every time the mouth is opened and closed. The upper canine teeth can grow to 25.5 cm (10.0 in) long.
The tusks are used for digging, for combat with other hogs, and in defense against predators – the lower set can inflict severe wounds. Although capable of fighting (males aggressively fight each other during mating season) the warthog’s primary defense is to flee by means of fast sprinting. The warthog’s main predators are humans, lions, leopards, crocodiles, and hyenas. On occasion, warthogs have been observed charging and even wounding large predators. The warthog population in southern Africa is estimated to be about 250,000.
Warthog (Phacochoerus africanus), Chobe River, Chobe National Park, Botswana, Africa
Nikkor 80-400 mm at 400 mm, 1/640 sec at f/ 5.6, ISO 160
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