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Phaistos was one of the major cities of Minoan civilization along with Knossos, Malia and Kato Zakro. The Minoan civilization was a Bronze Age civilization that arose on the island of Crete and flourished from approximately the 27th century BC to the 15th century BC. It was rediscovered at the beginning of the 20th century through the work of British archaeologist Arthur Evans. Will Durant referred to it as “the first link in the European chain”. Minoan palaces (anaktora), like the one in Phaistos, are the best known building types to have been excavated on the island. They are monumental buildings serving administrative purposes, as evidenced by the large archives unearthed by archaeologists.
The name of Phaistos is substantiated by the coins of the classical city. They display motifs such as Europa sitting on a bull, Talos with wings or Heracles without beard and being crowned. References to Phaistos in ancient Greek literature are quite frequent. Phaistos is first referenced by Homer as “well populated”, and the Homeric epics indicate its participation in the Trojan war.
Phaistos archaeological site, Island of Crete, Greece, Europe
Nikon D700, Nikkor 24-85 mm at 24 mm, 1/1000 sec at f/ 10, ISO 200
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