“May all your weeds be wildflowers”
Red clover photographed in the Bashakill Wetlands, Wurtsboro, New York, USA
This wildflower is in the Pea family.
This perennial clover with pink to reddish purple flowerheads is a weed of lawns, orchards, and turfgrass.
It is an introduced biennial or short-lived perennial herb; upright to spreading to drooping, branched, smooth or softly hairy, sometimes hollow stems.
Height: 6-36 in
Leaf: alternate, trifoliate; 3 leaflets obovate to elliptic, to 2.5 in (6 cm) long and half as wide, pointed or rounded; often hairy above and below, usually marked with an inverted V above; with long stipules.
Flower: small, pink to reddish purple to violet, 0.5 in (12 mm) long or more, with 2-lipped calyx; in round to egg-shaped terminal cluster, 1-1.5 in (25-38 mm) diameter, of 50-200 flowers; subtended by a trifoliate bract; flowerhead sessile or on stalks to 1 in (2.5 cm) long.
Fruit: tiny ovoid pod, to 0.2 in (5 mm) long; 1-2 asymmetrical yellowish seeds.
Red Clover flowers April to October, in open, moist or dry sites: old fields, pastures, roadsides, disturbed areas, turfgrass, lawns, orchards; usually below 3300 ft (1000 m); also widely cultivated for pasture management, landscape restoration, soil improvement.
Its range is Native to the Mediterranean region; introduced from Europe in the late 1600s as a pasture crop; escaped and naturalized in all 50 states and every Canadian province except Nunavut.