A photographer focuses on the art of taking photographs with a digital or film camera. Photographers use artificial and/or natural lighting to take pictures of various people, places and things in a variety of settings. Some photographers focus on studio and other explore the natural, outside world.
The word photography was first used by the scientist Sir John F.W. Herschel in 1839. Photography is the science and art of recording images by means of capturing light on a light-sensitive medium. Light patterns reflected or emitted from objects expose a sensitive silver halide based chemical or electronic medium during a timed exposure, usually through a photographic lens in a device known as a camera that also stores the resulting information chemically or electronically.