Mourning Dove

Mike Oxley

Cornwall Ontario, Canada

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Zenaida macroura
ORDER: COLUMBIFORMES
FAMILY: COLUMBIDAE

The Riverdale “Wilds”, Cornwall, Ontario, Canada
July 22, 2010

From allaboutbirds.org

A graceful, slender-tailed, small-headed dove that’s common across the continent. Mourning Doves perch on telephone wires and forage for seeds on the ground; their flight is fast and bullet straight. Their soft, drawn-out calls sound like laments. When taking off, their wings make a sharp whistling or whinnying. Mourning Doves are the most frequently hunted species in North America.

Cool Facts

During the breeding season, you might see three Mourning Doves flying in tight formation, one after another. This is a form of social display. Typically the bird in the lead is the male of a mated pair. The second bird is an unmated male chasing his rival from the area where he hopes to nest. The third is the female of the mated pair, which seems to go along for the ride.

Mourning Doves tend to feed busily on the ground, swallowing seeds and storing them in an enlargement of the esophagus called the crop. Once they’ve filled it (the record is 17,200 bluegrass seeds in a single crop!), they can fly to a safe perch to digest the meal.

Mourning Doves eat roughly 12 to 20 percent of their body weight per day, or 71 calories on average.

Perhaps one reason why Mourning Doves survive in the desert: they can drink brackish spring water (up to almost half the salinity of sea water) without becoming dehydrated the way humans would.

The Mourning Dove is the most widespread and abundant game bird in North America. Every year hunters harvest more than 20 million, but the Mourning Dove remains one of our most abundant birds with a U.S. population estimated at 350 million.

The oldest known Mourning Dove was 31 years 4 months old.

Sony Alpha 700, Sigma 28 to 300 at 300mm
iso 400, spot metered, F6.7, 1/350 second
Tripod

Artwork Comments

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