Octopuses are characterized by their eight arms, usually bearing suction cups. The arms of octopuses are often distinguished from the pair of feeding tentacles found in squid and cuttlefish. Both types of limbs are muscular hydrostats. Unlike most other cephalopods, the majority of octopuses – those in the suborder most commonly known, Incirrina – have almost entirely soft bodies with no internal skeleton. They have neither a protective outer shell like the nautilus, nor any vestige of an internal shell or bones, like cuttlefish or squid. A beak, similar in shape to a parrot’s beak, is the only hard part of their body. This enables them to squeeze through very narrow slits between underwater rocks, which is very helpful when they are fleeing from morays or other predatory fish. The octopuses in the less familiar Cirrina suborder have two fins and an internal shell, generally reducing their ability to squeeze into small spaces. These cirrate species are often free-swimming and live in deep-water habitats, while incirrate octopus species are found in reefs and other shallower seafloor habitats.


  • Andrew Trevor-Jones
    Andrew Trevor-...over 2 years ago

    Looks like you have a shrimp or other crustacean in shot.

  • yes, looks like a precarious position

    – MattTworkowski

  • LindaR
    LindaRover 2 years ago

    so interesting ~ in your fabulous frame and descriptionxx here ~ but tell me why you have him bottled? I hope he’s swimming free and happy now ;)

  • Hi Linda, the bottle was it’s home, you often find them in dis-guarded bottles as they make the perfect hiding place during the day.

    – MattTworkowski

  • lorilee
    lorileeover 2 years ago

    Very COOL!!!!

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