The Pantheon was built to honor the Roman Gods in AD 80 and then rebuilt in AD 126. The building that stands today is remarkably intact for a 2,000 year old remnant of a long lost civilization. Unlike most f the other ancient buildings, it is still in use rather than abandoned. It has been a church, Santa Maria dei Martiri, since it was given to the Pope in AD 609.
The interior features a massive concrete dome with an open oculus in the center. This, as the roman architects knew, was the weakest point, so they engineered it to admit light and air pressure within keeps the majority of the rain water out. Even by modern standards, this building is a feat of engineering and to have survived the ages makes it all the more so today.
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