Hierapolis - the theatre

Maria1606

Joined January 2010

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The theatre is ready for a music concert

Hierapolis was the ancient Greek city on top of hot springs located in south western Turkey near the town of Denizli. Hierapolis is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Hierapolis was founded as a thermal spa early in the 2nd century BCE by Eumenes II, king of Pergamon. The city was named after the existing temple, or possibly to honour Hiera, wife of Telephos – son of Heracles the mythical founder of the Attalid dynasty.
In 133 BCE, when Attalus III (the last Attalid king of Pergamon) died, he bequeathed his kingdom to Rome. Hierapolis thus became part of the Roman province of Asia. The Hellenistic city was slowly transformed into a Roman town.
The theatre at Hierapolis was built in the 2 century AD under the Roman Emperor Hadrian during a period of extensive rebuilding following a devastating earthquake in 60 AD. It was later renovated under Septimus Severus (193-211 AD). In 352 CE it underwent a thorough restoration and was adapted for water shows. The auditorium (cavea) consists of stacked seating with a capacity of 15,000.
The interior contains one of Anatolia’s most complete and best-preserved collection of Greco-Roman theatre decorations. Many reliefs and statues, depicting mythological figures, have been excavated from the site. Several statues, reliefs (depicting Apollo, Dionysios and Artemis) and decorative elements have been excavated by an Italian archaeological team and can be seen in the local museum.
References:
1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hierapolis
2. http://www.whitman.edu/theatre/theatretour/hier...

Artwork Comments

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