Myra is an ancient town in Lycia, where the small town of Kale (Demre) is situated today in present day Antalya Province of Turkey.
In the 2C BC Myra played an important role and was one of the six most important cities in the Lycian League.
There are two necropoli of Lycian rock-cut tombs in the form of temple-fronts carved into the vertical faces of cliffs at Myra.
All pre-Greek people of Anatolia built beautiful monumental tombs associated with some form of ancestor worship. The Lycians developed this form of art to perfection, no doubt facilitated by the soft limestone of the region. The quality of stonemasonry of the Lycian people is noteworthy and is especially significant in the construction of tombs.
One thing that sets Lycian tombs apart from Hellenistic tradition is that whereas in Hellenistic culture the dead were placed outside of liveable areas, Lycian tombs are often integrated right into cities, displaying Lycia’s ties with eastern traditions.
Myra´s Greco-Roman theatre is the largest theatre in Lycia and one of the main attractions of Myra, still in good shape. It has 38 rows of seats and its facade was richly decorated with theatrical masks and mythological scenes.
The town is traditionally associated with Saint Paul, who changed ships in its harbor. Saint Nicholas of Myra was the bishop of Myra in the 4th century.
Capital of Lycia is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
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