Nike the Winged Goddess of Victory was found among the ruins of Ephesus near Seljuk, in Anatolia, Turkey. She is in a flying position and she holds a wreath made from laurel leaves, an emblem of victory in her left hand, and a stalk of wheat in her right hand.
It is not clear who founded Ephesus and when, however it’s existence was mentioned in the year 2000 B.C. near the temple of the mother goddess Kybele, later known as Artemis. During the Roman era 190 B.C. Ephesus was the capital of 500 Anatolian towns. Approximately 250,000 people lived in Epsesus, which had many skillful artisans and merchants. Majority of the buildings visible today are from the Roman era. Two Christian figures: St. Paul and St. John lived in Epsesus. St. John wrote the Fourth book of the New Testaments in Ephesus and died there. His tomb is on Ayasuluk Hill. In the 6th century A.D. Emperor Justinian ordered a basilica to be built over the tomb of St. John. St. Mary, mother of Jesus apparently lived in a house on a mountain near Ephesus. A church in her honour was constructed over the original house. In fact, the first formal worship of Christianity and the first church and basilica constructed in honour of St. Mary, arose in Ephesus.