In the third millennium, BC, Puabi, a Sumerian queen, dressed in a robe of lapis and gold. Innini, also known as Isthar, a Babylonian goddess of love and sex, traveled to the underworld wearing lapis. A powerful bull god had a lapis beard, and those carried the gem had the power of that god. (Kuntz 139-140)
In the middle ages lapis was mixed with oil to create an exquisitely intense blue paint which served as a pigment for illuminated manuscripts. Lapis was also used as for Tibetan tankas-the sacred iconographic chronology of deities which form the basis for visualizations during meditation practices.
Lapis was used in ceremonial robes of Hebrew patriarchies. An angel gave King Solomon a lapis ring to control demons. The deep blue stone flecked with gold seems to in itself represent royalty. In Biblical times, the Ten Commandments are believed to have been inscribed on a lapis tablet. The stone has a long and varied associated with gods of truth, power and kings across cultural lines. (Kuntz 139-140)