In Flanders Fields
Flanders Poppy on the First World War battlefields.
by John McCrae, May 1915
In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row on row,
That mark our place; and in the sky
The larks, still bravely singing, fly
Scarce heard amid the guns below.
We are the Dead. Short days ago
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,
Loved and were loved, and now we lie
In Flanders fields.
Take up our quarrel with the foe:
To you from failing hands we throw
The torch; be yours to hold it high.
If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow
I wish that you will visit The Lahemaa National Park ,what is created in 1971 to protect the characteristic North-Estonian landscapes and the national heritage of the area, and to preserve harmonious relations between man and nature. Its area extends over 725 km², 474 km² lies on land, 251 km² is the sea. The present-day borders of the national park extend much farther than the original Lahemaa area, including a part of the Nort-Estonian limestone plateau and the northernmost area of Kõrvemaa. About 70% of the territory is covered with forests, with the coastal plain and Kõrvemaa being the most forested. Inhabitation is denser on limestone plateaus and on the coast. The Harju and Viru plateaus are the areas of the oldest permanently settled areas in Estonia and, thus, they are good examples of cultivated landscapes, clearly contrasting with those areas of the national park that are forested and rich in mires. A well-pronounced natural boundary between the plateaus and the coastal plain is the North-Estonian Klint, made more picturesque by several waterfall escarpments (Nõmmeveski on the Valgejõgi River, Joaveski on the Loobu River, and Vasaristi on the Vasaristi stream.)
The peninsulas of North Estonia and the bays between them, as well as the off-shore islands, are orientated from northwest to southeast. Regular alteration of elevations and depressions of the same orientation can also be noticed on the bottom relief of the Gulf of Finland. The northwest to southeast orientation of relief forms vividly reflects the direction of the movement of the glaciers during the last deglaciation.
The coastal plain is rich in peninsulas and bays. In south, it is bordered with the North-Estonian Klint, which is mostly covered with Quaternary sediments within the boundaries of Lahemaa, and can be seen only as a relatively gentle slope. The exceptions are the cliffs of Tsitre and Muuksi in the western part of Lahemaa, and bedrock outcrops in the valleys of the Valgejõgi and Loobu Rivers, where these rivers fall over the cliff. Although the Klint does not outcrop much, its highest bank can still be seen just inside of Lahemaa: it rises 67 meters above sea level at Vihula. At the foot of the Klint there are large gravel and sand terraces, deposited here by the flowing glacial streams. The best-known of such terraces is located between Koljaku and Oandu. It is a sandy plain covered with pine forest. A very peculiar striped landscape has developed in the Hara bog on the neck