Harold Joseph Thomas (born c. 1947) is an Indigenous Australian descended from the Luritja people of Central Australia. He was an artist and land rights activist.he is best known for designing the Australian Aboriginal Flag.Thomas designed the flag in 1971 as a symbol of the Indigenous land rights movement. In 1995 the flag was made an official “flag of Australia”.
The symbolic meaning of the flag colours are:
•Black: Represents the Aboriginal people of Australia
•Red: Represents the red earth, the red ochre and a spiritual relation to the land
•Yellow: Represents the Sun, the giver of life and protector.