Taken At the Rhino and Lion Nature Reserve
The African Buffalo or Cape Buffalo is a bovid from the family of the Bovidae. It is up to 1.7 meters high, 3.4 meters long, and can reach a weight of 900 kilograms.
The Cape Buffalo is not closely related to the Asian Water Buffalo, but its ancestry remains unclear. It is a very powerful creature, demanding respect from even a pride of lions when paths cross. Other than man, they have few natural predators and are capable of defending themselves against (and sometimes kill) lions, how ever lions sometimes kill and eat buffalo. The leopard is a threat only to newborn calves. Crossbreeding with domestic cattle has had only limited success, and the African Buffalo remains a wild animal.
Known as one of the “big five” (Lion, Rhinoceros, Buffalo, Leopard and Elephant) in Africa, the Cape Buffalo can be a volatile and formidable beast.
Cape Buffalo prefer areas of open pasture, close to jungle and swampy ground where they can wallow. They are found in Ethiopia, Somalia, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Botswana, Mozambique and South Africa, with a significant seasonal presence in Kenya and Tanzania.
The main herd consists of all sexes and ages, though bachelor groups are also found. A male is recognizable by the thickness of his horns, and is called the “Boss.” Bulls mature at eight years of age. Cows first calve at five years of age, after a gestation period of 11.5 months.
Formerly occurred throughout the Northern and Southern Savanna, in arid regions wherever there is permanent water and herbage, and from sea level to the limits of forest on the highest mountains. In the Lowland Rain forest buffaloes inhabit clearings, swamps, flood plains, and secondary growth.