While modernism tensed to focus on epistemology, posmodernism emphasizes ontology.
How to interpret the world? Which world is this? Our place in the world? What is to be done in it? What is there to know? Which of my selves is to do it? Who knows it? What is a world? How do they know? What kinds of worlds are there? How sure are they? How are they constituted? How is knowledge transmitted? How do they differ? What are the limits of the knowable? What happens when the worlds are in confrontation? What happens when boundaries are violated? Text versus world?
McHale, Brian Postmodernist Fiction. New York: Routledge. 1987. pp 9-10.Postmodernism might be a new thing for you but in fact you see it everyday in arts, architecture, theater, television and music. The term “postmodernism” may have been introduced in the 1930’s as a designation for developments in the arts, but postmodernism did not gain widespread attention until the 1970’s when a new style of architecture was developed which was no longer fuctional and based on repetition and standardized mass production. Postmodernism then moved to academic circles, and finally into pop culture. The modern era, birthed during the Renaissance of the 14th-16th centuries, elevated human reason as the center of reality. Modern thinking asserted the supremacy of knowledge because it was believed to be objective, certain, and good. From here, progress was thought to be the way to the future and science could solve all our problems. Well, in the 1970’s, postmodern philosophers began to scrap modernist theories when they asserted that reality may be viewed differently by each individual. This meant that there was no one meaning of the world because every person has a unique perspective or interpretation on reality that is equally valid and important. A postmodern worldview operates under the assumption that there is no absolute truth. Rather truth is based on one’s own experience. Postmodernism is basically saying “anything goes,” with the prevailing attitude being “decide for yourself what is true.”