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Empire State Building, Manhattan, New York, USA by jmhdezhdez

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Empire State Building, Manhattan, New York, USA by 


(1.930 – 1.931)

ENGLISH

Client: General Motors
Architect: Shreve, Lamb & Harmon Associates
Height without antenna: 381 meters
Antenna height: 449 meters
Floors: 102

Built during the Great Depression, the Empire State Building is located at 5th Avenue and West Streets 33 and 34 in the southern district of Midtown Manhattan, New York. Its construction was the result of an interesting competition to build the tallest skyscraper in the world between Walter Chrysler (Chrysler Corporation), and General Motors through its Vice-Chairman John Jacob Raskob, who would boost the idea.

The commissioning of the project was requested by the architect William Lamb, of the firm Shreve, Lamb & Harmon Associates, who was influenced in the perpendicular style of another architect, Eliel Saarinen. 60,000 tons of structural steel, 10 million bricks and 1886 miles of elevator cable, were used for the construction of the famous Art Deco skyscraper. With its 381 meters high, would be the tallest building in the world between 1931 and 1972, until they were finished the famous Twin Towers of the World Trade Center.

The surface of the facade is formed by elements of Indiana limestone and granite and has no less than 6400 windows on the facade. From the viewpoint is at the top, you can see a panoramic view of about 130 miles that can be seen from New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Connecticut and Massachusetts. With a weight of 331,000 tons, Empire Estate is a member of the World Federation of Great Towers and a symbol of New York and the United States.

Thanks to the labor economy of the time and with a total budget of $ 5 million, the 3,500 workers who participated in the construction could raise four and a half floors per week, this would help greatly to the construction of the famous skyscraper lasted Just over a year.

ESPAÑOL

Promotor: General Motors
Arquitecto: Shreve, Lamb & Harmon Associates
Altura sin antena: 381 metros
Altura con antena: 449 metros
Plantas: 102

Construido durante la Gran Depresión, el edificio Empire State se encuentra localizado en la 5ª Avenida con las calles Oeste 33 y 34 en la zona sur del distrito de Midtown, Manhattan, Nueva York. Su construcción fue fruto de una interesante competición para construir el rascacielos más alto del mundo entre Walter Chrysler (Chrysler Corporation), y General Motors a través de su Vicepresidente John Jakob Raskob, quien impulsaría la idea.

El encargo del proyecto fue solicitado al arquitecto William Lamb, de la firma Shreve, Lamb & Harmon Associates, quien se dejó influir en el estilo muy perpendicular de otro arquitecto, Eliel Saarinen. 60.000 toneladas de acero estructural, 10 millones de ladrillos y 1.886 kilómetros de cable de ascensor, se utilizaron para la construcción del famoso rascacielos de estilo Art Decó. Con sus 381 metros de altura, sería el edificio más alto del mundo entre 1.931 y 1.972, hasta que fueron terminadas las famosas Torres Gemelas del World Trade Center.

El revestimiento de la fachada esta formado por elementos de piedra caliza de Indiana y granito y cuenta nada menos que con 6.400 ventanas en la fachada. Desde el mirador que se sitúa en su parte superior, se puede observar una vista panorámica de unos 130 kilómetros a la redonda desde la que se divisan Nueva Jersey, Pennsylvania, Connecticut y Massachusetts. Con un peso de 331.000 toneladas, el Empire Estate es uno de los miembros de la Federación Mundial de Grandes Torres y un símbolo de Nueva York y de los Estados Unidos de Norteamérica.

Gracias a la económica mano de obra de la época y con un presupuesto total de $ 5 Millones, los 3.500 obreros que participaron en la construcción pudieron levantar cuatro pisos y medio por semana; esto ayudaría en gran medida a que la construcción del famoso rascacielos durase poco más de un año.

Copyright © José Miguel Hernández Hernández

José Miguel Hernández Hernández, Editor, Escritor y Fotógrafo de Arquitectura / Publisher, Writer and Architectural Photographer
http://www.jmhdezhdez.com/

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