This Tulip variety is called Parrot because of it’s colouring.

Introduction to Western Europe
Further information: Tulip mania

Tulip cultivation in The Netherlands
Although it is unknown who first brought the tulip to Northwestern Europe, the most widely accepted story is that it was Oghier Ghislain de Busbecq, an ambassador for Ferdinand I of Germany to Suleyman the Magnificent of the Ottoman Empire. He remarked in a letter that he saw “an abundance of flowers everywhere; Narcissus, hyacinths and those in Turkish called Lale, much to our astonishment because it was almost midwinter, a season unfriendly to flowers.”10 However, in 1559, an account by Conrad Gessner described tulips flowering in Augsburg, Bavaria in the garden of Councillor Herwart. Due to the nature of the tulip’s growing cycle, tulip bulbs are generally removed from the ground in June and must be replanted by September to endure the winter. While possible, it is doubtful that Busbecq could successfully have had the tulip bulbs harvested, shipped to Germany, and replanted between his first sighting of them in March 1558 and Gessner’s description the following year. As a result, Busbecq’s account of the supposed first sighting of tulips by a European is possibly spurious.
Carolus Clusius planted tulips at the Imperial Botanical Gardens of Vienna in 1573 and later at the Leiden University’s newly established Hortus Botanicus, where he was appointed director. There he planted some of his tulip bulbs in late 1593. As a result, 1594 is considered the official date of the tulip’s first flowering in The Netherlands, despite reports of the flowers being cultivated in private gardens in Antwerp and Amsterdam two or three decades earlier. These tulips at Leiden would eventually lead to both Tulip mania and the commercial tulip industry in Holland.11

Tulip Festival in Woodburn, Oregon
Another account of the origin of the tulip in Western Europe is of Lopo Vaz de Sampaio, governor of the Portuguese possessions in India. After attempting to usurp power from the rightful governor, Sampaio was forced to return to Portugal in disgrace.[clarification needed] Supposedly, he took tulip bulbs back to Portugal with him from Sri Lanka. This story does not hold up to scrutiny though because tulips do not occur in Sri Lanka and the island itself is far from the route Sampaio’s ships would have likely taken.
Regardless of how the flower originally arrived in Europe, its popularity soared quickly. Carolus Clusius is largely responsible for the spread of tulip bulbs in the final years of the sixteenth century. He finished writing the first major work on tulips in 1592, and he made note of the variations in colour that help make the tulip so admired. While occupying a chair as a faculty member in the school of medicine at the University of Leiden, Clusius planted both a teaching garden and private plot of his ownwith tulip bulbs. In 1596 and 1598, Clusius suffered thefts from his garden, with over a hundred bulbs stolen in a single raid.
Between 1634 and 1637, the early enthusiasm for the new flowers triggered a speculative frenzy now known as the tulip mania. Tulips would become so expensive that they were treated as a form of currency. Around this time, the ceramic tulipiere was devised for the display of cut flowers stem by stem (bouquets displayed in vases were rare until the 19th century, although such vases and bouquets, usually including tulips, often appeared in Dutch still-life painting). To this day, tulips are associated with The Netherlands, and the cultivated forms of the tulip are often called “Dutch tulips.” In addition to the tulip industry and tulip festivals, The Netherlands has the world’s largest permanent display of tulips at Keukenhof, although the display is only open to the public seasonally.

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jainiemac, tulip, flower

I capture images of the world around me. I am fortunate to see native flora and fauna in my garden andnearby.Which features in my portfolio,along with my love of animals , flowers and the beauty of nature I enjoy travel and meeting people

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Comments

  • Norma-jean Morrison
    Norma-jean Mor...over 3 years ago

    When you wore a tulip a big one and i wore a big red Rose love your write and this Tulip

  • I remember my dad singing that song to my mum when I was a kid :))) thank you my dear friend xx

    – jainiemac

  • AnnDixon
    AnnDixonover 3 years ago

  • many thanks Ann :)

    – jainiemac

  • Ray Clarke
    Ray Clarkeover 3 years ago

  • cheers Ray :))

    – jainiemac

  • Marie Brown ©
    Marie Brown ©over 3 years ago


    14/6/2011

  • Marei I am so honoured to be featured in your wonderful group thank you so very much !!!
    Jane :)))

    – jainiemac

  • Dennis Melling
    Dennis Mellingover 3 years ago

    Wow! What super colours :)
    Although we have lots of tulips in our garden they seem to have been infected with some kind of fungus and very few flowered this year :(
    Dennis

  • Dennis thank you very much , I didn’t grow these I got them at the florist shop .they are beautiful .

    I don’t know much about growing Tulips and their disceases but i looked up WIKIPEDIA and found this I hope it helps you

    cheers Jane

    Variegated colours produced by TBV or Tulip Breaking Virus
    Botrytis tulipae is a major fungal disease affecting tulips, causing cell death and eventually the rotting of the plant.13 Other pathogens include anthracnose, bacterial soft rot, blight caused by Sclerotium rolfsii, bulb nematodes, other rots including blue molds, black molds and mushy rot.14
    Variegated varieties admired during the Dutch tulipomania gained their delicately feathered patterns from an infection with the tulip breaking virus, a mosaic virus that was carried by the green peach aphid, Myzus persicae. These aphids were common in European gardens of the seventeenth century. While the virus produces fantastically colourful flowers, it also causes weakened plants prone to decline.
    Today the virus is almost eradicated from tulip growers’ fields. Tulips that are affected by mosaic virus are called “broken tulips”; while such tulips can occasionally revert to a plain or solid colouring, they will remain infected with the virus. While some modern varieties also display multicoloured patterns, the patterns result from breeding selection for a genetic mutation. In these tulips, natural variation in the upper and lower layers of pigment in the flower are responsible for the patterns.

    – jainiemac

  • walela
    walelaover 3 years ago

    Gorgeous

  • many thanks walela I got these from a florist :))

    – jainiemac

  • Lancsphoto
    Lancsphotoover 3 years ago

    Gorgeous tulips! They are so spectacular! Great shot and congrats on your feature.

    Larry

  • These were from the florist shop i have planted some fpor our Spring

    I took this image last year and am reposting it . I am very happy you like this one Lancsphoto
    thank you very much
    cheers Jane :))

    – jainiemac

  • jatro
    jatroover 3 years ago

    Beautiful work, Jane, love the red tulips! Beautiful capture! :)

  • Mike they were devine I took this photo last year and purchased the Tulips from the florist . I have planted Tulips in my garden so hopefully when it’s Spring here in Australia I will have some beautiful Tulips to share with my friends :)) hope all is well with you :))
    cheers my friend

    Jane

    – jainiemac

  • Norma-jean Morrison
    Norma-jean Mor...over 3 years ago

    YES i GOT THAT FROM MY DAD AND THAT IS WHAT I REMEMBER ALL LOVE AND CONGRATULATIONS ALWAYS……………..N.J.

  • lovely :)))

    – jainiemac

  • Geraldine Miller
    Geraldine Millerover 3 years ago

    Wow, they’re amazing, I have never see tulips like that. Gorgeous capture as well! :-)

  • thanks Geraldine I got these from a florist they caught my eye , I ’ve never seen Tulips like this either. Iam so glad you stopped by
    cheers Jane

    – jainiemac

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