The name Appalachian (App-a-latch-i-an) came from the word Appalachee from the Appalachee Indians. Appalachia is in the southeastern United States, which is located in North America. It is also the second largest mountain system of North America. The mountains begin at the south easternmost tip of Canada, and end in Central Alabama, stretching 1,500 miles (2,400 kilometers). There’s a northern Appalachian region and a southern Appalachian region. This article is about the southern Appalachian region, which is divided into three main sections—the Blue Ridge, the Great Valley, and the Ridge-and-Valley Province. The tallest mountain is Mt. Mitchell (6,684 ft or 2,037 meters) near Asheville, North Carolina. The states of the southern region of the Appalachians are eastern Kentucky, southeastern Ohio, West Virginia, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Tennessee.
The majority of the people of the Southern Appalachian region came from England, Scotland, and Germany. They came around the time of Daniel Boone in the 1700’s. They came seeking land, more freedom, and new opportunities. Because the coastal areas were over-populated, the people started moving farther west and settled in the Appalachian Mountains. Other people came from Ireland, Wales, France, Italy, Holland, and Africa. They came in the 1800’s and 1900’s. Before any of these groups came, the Cherokee and Shawnee Indians were in the area for more than a thousand years. Now, people from all over the country and world have come to the region because their jobs have transferred them. This makes the area more of a multi-cultural region.
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