What is the difference between an image and a picture?
Nothing really, it’s just semantics! Although Gavin tends to infer that a picture is rendered from an image, because an image can exist in your imagination, or your mind, or in a computer file for that matter! Gavin tends to think of pictures as the complete package of final rendering consisting of an image, or images, the material they are rendered on and with and any presentation material such as mounts and frames. With electronic technologies the rendering of images into pictures are often very temporary. The material an electronic picture is rendered on is quite permanent (your computer or TV screen), but the electronic process of rendering an image file to a picture on screen is only as permanent as the power supply.
Gavin’s picture classification method:
There are four considerations:
1) Is the picture a true representation of reality, both in the image and the rendering process (Straight photography)?
2) Is the picture a true representation of reality in the image, but rendered through the craftsmanship of an artist (Painted or hand-crafted)?
3) Is the picture an artistic concept with some degree of reality alteration in the image, but rendered true (Altered reality photography)?
4) Is the picture an artistic concept with some degree of reality alteration in the image, but rendered through the craftsmanship of an artist (fine art, modern art, giclee art, graphic art, digital art)?
Gavin’s picture classification as art:
Is the art in the image of intuitive interpretation, or graphical design and layout?
Intuitive interpretation is the way we perceive things. Concepts and reading in stories from what we think images and pictures are portraying. It can be very cognitively entertaining and very personal in its’ interpretation. It is “art of the mind” that stimulates some form and degree of emotion within us.
Graphic design and layout is the art that appeals (or not) to our visual sense, thus stimulating some form and degree of emotion within us from this visual experience. For instance, psychologists have determined we are visually attracted to light! The eyes are always attracted to the lighter, brighter, whiter areas of a picture, so we make that area the subject of our picture! For some reason we like balance and the rule of thirds was introduced into artistic photography! We like to see the subject on one of these third intersections of the vertical and horizontal dimensions, unless we are opting for symmetry where the centre becomes the balance point.
We feel having the horizon cut directly across the centre of a picture cuts the picture in half…it’s all psychological, but is all taken into consideration when assessing the art merit. However the biggest factor in art merit is the emotional impact the picture induces into the majority of viewers. It is commonly coined “WOW factor”.
So while the hand-crafted pictures present another layer of artistic merit lacking from photographic art, the latter tends to lead in intuitive interpretation—even if only through share volume! Digital processes are introducing another layer of artistic merit to photography, so you can divide pictures further into hand-crafted rendition, or photographic and digital rendition. I hope this article helps clarify the image/picture classification for artistic merit.
© Gavin Lardner 2012. Personal or social use of the article is permitted, otherwise all other rights are reserved. Applications for commercial licencing can be made here: http://flexigav.redbubble.com/contact