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Winner of the *July Super Challenge* in the Destination Australia Group, August 2011 in the Destination Australia Group, August 2011*
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Placed in the Top Ten (3rd place) in the challenge
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The light was established in 1887, 10 years after the creation of the Robertson Basin, a manmade harbour to service Kiama’s supply of crushed blue metal and paving blocks for the streets of Sydney.
The tower, built on Blowhole Point, is constructed of brick and rendered outside with concrete.
The total cost for the tower and apparatus was £1,350.
The original apparatus was an oil burner with a catadioptric fixed lens producing a 600 candela green light that was visible for nine miles.
This was upgraded to the local town coal gas in 1908 with an intensity of 1,500 candelas and a range of fifteen miles.
This was further upgraded to acetylene gas and group flashing in 1920. At this point the light was demanned, though Brewis stated in 1913 that the light was unwatched, the keeper’s cottage being vacant.
In 1969 the light was converted to 240v mains electricity. A 120v battery bank is used for standby.
The establishment of the light was a big event as noted in the Kiama Independent of 10 August 1886:
Situated on the round apex of Blowhole Point, the Kiama lighthouse stands from sea level to the light at a height of 224 feet. The foundation is concrete, 14 feet in depth and 12 feet in diameter; from the bottom of the foundation to the top of the entrance is 16 feet. The height of the building from the floor to the coping is 36 feet, to the light is 40 feet, and to the top of the weather vane is 50 feet.
The building is of brick, cemented outside and plastered within. The ascent is accomplished by means of three iron ladders, leading from one storey to another, the staircase being lighted by side lights.
The top of the structure is surrounded by a very artistic railing; and the light, which will be of a similar magnifying power to the Hornby light, near Watson’s Bay, is very shortly expected to arrive from England.
The lighthouse is now quite finished, so far as the contractors are concerned, with the exception of receiving two or three coats of paint, which is now being done.
A neat hexagonal fence is being erected round the building which will give it the trim and neat appearance and so closely associated in our minds with all lighthouses.
(Note: that the reference to the tower being 224 ft above sea level is quite erroneous as it was actually 121 ft)
Lighthouses of New South Wales