Louis-Joseph de Montcalm-Gozon, Marquis de Saint-Veran (February, 1712 – September 14, 1759) was a French soldier best known as the commander of the forces in North America during the Seven Years’ War (whose North American theatre is called the French and Indian War in the United States).
Montcalm was born near Nîmes in France to a noble family, and entered military service early in life. He saw service in the War of the Polish Succession and the War of the Austrian Succession, where his distinguished service led to promotion to brigadier general. In 1756 King Louis XV sent him to New France to lead its defence against the British in the Seven Years’ War. Montcalm met with notable successes in 1756, 1757 and 1758 but British mobilisation of large numbers of troops against New France led to military setbacks in 1758 and 1759, culminating in Montcalm’s defeat and death at the Battle of Quebec, and then the 1760 surrender of New France at Montreal.
Montcalm is a controversial figure among military historians, some of whom have strongly criticized his decisions at Quebec. But he has also been much memorialized, especially in France, Quebec and parts of New York.
Taken March 14/09, south of Paris, France at the Château de Versailles, which has been on UNESCO’s World Heritage List for 30 years, and is one of the most beautiful achievements of 18th-century French art.
This artwork is derived from a photograph taken during a tour of Western Europe.
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