Was featured in Wildflowers of North America
A locust borer is just one of many insects that find goldenrod attractive. I allow a bit of it to grow in my garden where this was shot. I like the late summer color and the bevy of bugs that it brings.
I believe this is the species known as sweet goldenrod (solidago odora). It smells like anise when it’s leaves are crushed. There are more than 100 species of goldenrod in North America. It’s bright blooms grace a variety of habitats from late summer into fall.
Many North Americans view goldenrod as a weed but in Europe it was hybridyzed and introduced into gardens many years ago. It wasn’t until the 1980’s that we Americans started favoring our own native beauty that had been hybridized. (Personally, I think most people here in the U.S. still are not open to goldenrod in a domestic flower garden. I know this from my experience as a professional gardener.) Unfortunately, not being a native in Europe, it is now viewed as an invasive species in Germany.
It’s a false belief that goldenrod causes hay fever. The pollen is actually too heavy to float in the air. It is pollinated by insects. The culprit of hayfever when the goldenrod blooms is probably ragweed which has inconspicuous flowers.