Habitat and Distribution: Found in tropical lowlands and brushy woodlands of Mexico, south to Argentina. Size: 10-12 feet long, and 10 pounds Wild Diet: Small mammals, lizards, frogs, snakes, and birds.
Life Span: Unknown
Reproduction: These snakes lay eggs several weeks after mating. Eggs are laid in warm areas and may be found in rotten logs or in sandy soil underneath rocks. The eggs will hatch 3-4 months after the snake has mated. Hatchlings will feed on frogs and lizards.
Behavior: Tiger rat snakes are mainly arboreal and can be extremely fast. They forage for their prey and are excellent hunters due to their acute eyesight. In fact, their vision ranks among the best of all the snakes. They will gauge distance by triangulation (moving their head from side to side like a hawk or an owl). Tiger rat snakes are never found far from a water source and they tend to gravitate toward rural livestock populations due to resident rat populations. Although they are capable of constricting their prey to death, they tend to swallow them alive. When threatened by a predator, a rat snake will inflate its neck, raise its body loops and thrash its tail. It may also hiss in attempts to ward off the predator. If this does not succeed, it will strike at the threat repeatedly.