Yore Mill is a four-storey, Grade II listed building, built in 1784 by Birkbecks from Settle. It is of considerable historical interest, being one of the earliest examples of ‘industrialisation’ in a rural setting.
Its situation made great use of the river, the adjacent pathway and footbridge, originally built in 1539 for packhorses. Of these, most important was the water flow of the River Ure that runs alongside. Water flows from the river by way of a stone race at the upper of three large waterfalls. The race channels the water behind the Mill, originally to turn a water wheel that drove the mechanisms within the building. The site is gazed over by St Andrew’s, a mediaeval church site dating from AD 1000.
Originally, the Mill, built by the Birkbeck family of Settle in Yorkshire, served as a cotton mill. In 1852 the Mill burned down and the interior was destroyed. It was rebuilt the following year, an extra storey high and twice the original length and width. The upper storeys accommodated carding and spinning of knitting yarn. This finished in 1870.
The worsted produced at the mill was given out to knitters in the dale to make into stockings and jerseys.
When machine goods came in, over seven thousand of the jerseys were left on the hands of the knitters for several years. Eventually they were dyed and sent to Italy to become redcoats for Garibaldi’s’ army.
Pentax K10D 18-55mm
1/6 @ f16 ISO 200
processed in Photomatix Pro4 and Photoshop CS5