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Commonly called “Muley”, the mule deer is named for its prominent, mule-like ears that measure 9" in length. It’s brownish gray with lighter undersides and rump. It’s tail is tipped with black. In the spring, males grow very large, bony antlers that are shed in the winter
They have tremendous eyesight and hearing which help it to avoid predators. It has several glands that secrete scent (pheromones) to communicate territory, danger, and mating readiness.
Like many hoofed animals, its stomach has four distinct compartments that help it to digest tough woody plants. Further digestion occurs as the mule deer chews its cud (previously consumed food brought back up for further chewing)
Found in the mountainous forests and deserts throughout Arizona
Twin fawns are born covered with spots; 5-11lbs. each; stand and nurse within hours of birth; nurse for about 6 weeks; fully independent at 1-2 years