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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sigmund Freud (German pronunciation: [ˈziːɡmʊnt ˈfʁɔʏt]), born Sigismund Schlomo Freud (6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939), was an Austrian neurologist who founded the psychoanalytic school of psychiatry. Freud is best known for his theories of the unconscious mind and the defense mechanism of repression, and for creating the clinical practice of psychoanalysis for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient, technically referred to as an “analysand”, and a psychoanalyst. Freud redefined sexual desire as the primary motivational energy of human life, developed therapeutic techniques such as the use of free association, created the theory of transference in the therapeutic relationship, and interpreted dreams as sources of insight into unconscious desires. He was an early neurological researcher into cerebral palsy, and a prolific essayist, drawing on psychoanalysis to contribute to the history, interpretation and critique of culture.
Many of Freud’s ideas have been abandoned or modified by other analysts, and modern advances in the field of psychology have shown flaws in some of his theories, while psychoanalysis itself has often been called a pseudoscience. Numerous critics dispute his work, and it has been marginalized within psychology departments. However, it remains influential in clinical approaches, and in the humanities and social sciences. Freud is considered one of the most prominent thinkers of the 20th century, in terms of originality and intellectual influence.
Fractal Expolored and Apophysis for textures, Incendia for the candle, Bryce and Daz to render the scene, postwork in PSP. The portrait of Sigmund is a copyright free image taken from the internet.
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